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Zračna nesreća opeče gledatelje

Zračna nesreća opeče gledatelje

Zračna priredba u kojoj su sudjelovali vojni zrakoplovi u zračnoj bazi Ramstein u Njemačkoj postaje tragična 28. kolovoza 1988. kada se tri zrakoplova sudaraju u zraku i padaju u gomilu. Šezdeset devet od 100.000 gledatelja poginulo je, a stotine ih je ozlijeđeno.

Pred kraj emisije pod pokroviteljstvom NATO-a 28. kolovoza, talijanski tim Frecce Tricolori, koji je upravljao avionima Aermacchi MB 339, započeo je svoju rutinu. Tim je vodio potpukovnik Ivo Nutallari, koji je pokušao ukrstiti potez u kojem je njegov zrakoplov prošao vrlo blizu drugih mlaznih zrakoplova. Nutallari je pogrešno izračunao odvažni potez i njegov se mlaz sudario s glavnom skupinom. Tri mlazna aviona eksplodirala su u zraku, uzrokujući da olupina i mlazno gorivo padnu na gomilu. Tri pilota umrla su odmah, kao i približno 30 gledatelja. Još je više ljudi teško ozlijeđeno, mnogi s teškim opeklinama. Tijekom sljedeća dva mjeseca, oko 30 drugih žrtava umrlo je u bolnicama zbog velikih opeklina.

Nakon katastrofe, Njemačka je zabranila javne zračne priredbe na tri godine prije nego što im je ponovno dopustila da budu uvedene strože mjere sigurnosti. Sada zrakoplovi moraju letjeti na određenu udaljenost od gledatelja i manevri se ne smiju izvoditi u smjeru gomile.


Zračni sajam

An aeromiting, (ili aeromiting, zračni sajam, zračna tetovaža) je javni događaj na kojem se izlažu zrakoplovi. Često uključuju demonstracije akrobacije, ali se ne nazivaju "statičkim zračnim priredbama" sa zrakoplovima parkiranim na tlu.

Najveći aeromiting mjeren brojem izlagača i veličinom izložbenog prostora je Le Bourget, a slijedi ga Farnborough, dok Dubai Air Show i Singapore Air Show zauzimaju treće mjesto. Najveći zračni sajam ili dolet po broju zrakoplova koji sudjeluju je EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, općenito poznat i kao "Oshkosh" po svom položaju u Wisconsinu, s oko 10.000 aviona koji sudjeluju svake godine. Najveći vojni aeromiting na svijetu je Royal International Air Tattoo, na RAF Fairfordu u Engleskoj. [1]


Sadržaj

Deset zrakoplova Aermacchi MB-339 PAN iz talijanskog tima za prikazivanje zračnih snaga, Frecce Tricolori, izvodilo je svoje "probodeno srce" (talijanski: Kardioid, Njemački: Durchstoßenes Herz) tvorba. U ovoj formaciji dvije skupine zrakoplova stvaraju oblik srca pred publikom uz pistu. U završetku donjeg vrha srca, dvije skupine prolaze jedna pored druge uzletno -sletnom stazom. Srce tada probada usamljeni zrakoplov, koji leti u smjeru publike.

Do sudara u zraku došlo je dok su dvije skupine koje tvore srce prolazile jedna pored druge, a zrakoplovi koji su probadali srce pogodili su ih. Zrakoplov s piercingom srušio se na pistu, a posljedično su trup aviona i nastala vatrena kugla zrakoplovnog goriva pali u gledalište, pogodili gomilu i odmorili se prikolicom u hladnjaku koja se koristi za točenje sladoleda raznim prodavaonicama u tom području.

U isto vrijeme, jedan od oštećenih zrakoplova iz grupe koja tvori srce zabio se u hitni medicinski evakuacijski helikopter UH-60 Black Hawk, ozlijedivši pilota helikoptera, kapetana Kim Strader. Preminuo je 20 dana kasnije, u subotu, 17. rujna 1988., u medicinskom centru Brooke Army u Teksasu od opeklina koje je zadobio u nesreći.

Pilot zrakoplova koji je udario u helikopter izbacio se, ali je poginuo dok je udario na pistu prije nego što mu se otvorio padobran. Treći zrakoplov se prilikom sudara raspao i dijelovi su bili razbacani uzletno -sletnom stazom.

Nakon pada, preostali zrakoplovi su se pregrupirali i sletjeli u zračnu bazu Sembach.

Uređivanje opsega

Od 31 osobe koja je poginula pri udarcu, 28 ih je pogodilo krhotine u obliku dijelova aviona, žice za koncertine i predmeta na zemlji. [3] Šesnaest poginulih dogodilo se u danima i tjednima nakon katastrofe zbog teških opeklina, a posljednji je izgorio i ozlijedio pilot helikoptera. [4] Oko 500 ljudi moralo je potražiti bolničko liječenje nakon događaja, [ potreban je citat ], a preko 600 ljudi tog se popodneva javilo u kliniku da daruju krv. [ potreban je citat ]

Kritika Edit

Katastrofa je otkrila ozbiljne nedostatke u rješavanju velikih medicinskih hitnih slučajeva od strane njemačkih civilnih i američkih vojnih vlasti. Američko vojno osoblje nije odmah pustilo njemačka kola hitne pomoći u bazu, a spašavanje je općenito otežano nedostatkom učinkovitosti i koordinacije. [5] Centar za koordinaciju spašavanja u Kaiserslauternu nije bio svjestan razmjera katastrofe čak sat vremena nakon što se dogodila, iako je nekoliko njemačkih helikoptera i vozila hitne pomoći već stiglo na mjesto i otišlo s pacijentima. Američki helikopteri i vozila hitne pomoći pružali su najbrži i najveći način za evakuaciju žrtava opeklina, ali nisu imali dovoljne kapacitete za liječenje ili su ih imali poteškoće pronaći. Dodatnu zabunu dodala je upotreba američke vojske različitim standardima za intravenozne katetere njemačkih bolničarki. Jedinstveni standard kodificiran je 1995., a novijom je verzijom ažuriran 2013. [6] Zelena stranka Zapadne Njemačke odmah je izvršila pritisak na vladu da zabrani sve zračne priredbe.

Radnje Uredi

Krizno savjetovalište odmah je osnovano u obližnjoj bazi baze Southside i ostalo otvoreno cijeli tjedan. Bazni stručnjaci za mentalno zdravlje pružili su grupno i individualno savjetovanje u sljedećim tjednima, te su anketirali radnike za odgovor dva mjeseca nakon tragedije i ponovno šest mjeseci nakon katastrofe kako bi mjerili oporavak. [7]

Uređivanje vremenske trake

Vrijeme Detalji [8]
15:40 Polijetanje Frecce Tricolori
15:44 Sudar
15:46 Dolaze vatrogasci
15:48 Dolazi prva američka kola hitne pomoći
15:51 Stigao prvi američki sanitetski helikopter
15:52 Dolazi drugi američki sanitetski helikopter
15:54 Poletio prvi američki sanitetski helikopter
16:10 Stiže njemački sanitetski helikopter Christoph 5 iz Ludwigshafena
16:11 Stiže njemački sanitetski helikopter Christoph 16 iz Saarbrückena
16:13 Dolazi 10 američkih i njemačkih vozila hitne pomoći
16:28 Dolazi oko 10-15 vozila hitne pomoći. Osam medicinskih helikoptera (US Air Force, ADAC, SAR) na mjestu događaja
16:33 Stiže prvi medicinski helikopter Rettungsflugwachta
16:35 Liječnik na hitnom pozivu preko radija:
"Tražimo opečene pacijente koje Amerikanci vuku i odvoze od nas bez pomoći. Rekli su nam da nitko od njih više nije ovdje. Nisu svi ozlijeđeni prevezeni helikopterom ili hitnom pomoći. Oko nas je potpuni kaos a neki od ozlijeđenih čak se prevoze kamionetima koji ne izlaze na izlaz za slučaj nužde, voze se pored posjetitelja koji su lebdjeli. Bio je to užasan prizor vidjeti ljude s izgorjelom odjećom i opuštenom opečenom kožom, koji se grče od bola ukočeni i šokirani s bolovima u tim vozilima. "
16:40 Stiže prva prikolica s niskom platformom za prijevoz mrtvih tijela
16:45 Stiže druga prikolica na niskoj platformi za transport mrtvih tijela
16:47 U to vrijeme njemačko sjedište za hitne slučajeve nije imalo pojma o dimenzijama, što je očito po radijskoj komunikaciji:
"Da, i to je problem. Još ne znamo što se dogodilo, koliko ozljeda i što još. Vodeća hitna medicina još nije poslala povratnu informaciju. Prvo želi imati sinoptički prikaz"
17:00 U to vrijeme dolazi nekoliko liječnika s helikopterima. Kasnije su rekli:
"U vrijeme kad smo stigli nešto poslije 5:00 više nije bilo ozlijeđenih ljudi. Mogli smo vidjeti da su posljednji teško ozlijeđeni ljudi ukrcani u američke helikoptere. Mogli smo vidjeti neke kamione sa ozlijeđenima koji su ih prevozili. Nije bilo moguće pronaći odgovornog časnika, direktora operacija ili čak osobu za kontakt [.] pa smo na vlastitu inicijativu stigli u bolnicu Johannis u Landstuhlu. Od nekoliko akcijskih snaga, bolničara, policajaca nitko nije mogao imenovati direktora operacija. Tražio sam rukovodećeg bolničara operacije za koordinaciju evakuacije. Ali nije bilo ništa. "
18:05 Helikopter hitne pomoći stiže u regionalni medicinski centar Landstuhl. Bolničar je kasnije rekao:
"Našli smo veliki broj teško spaljenih, teško ozlijeđenih ljudi apsolutno bez pomoći. [.] Kad sam stigao u Landstuhl, teško opečeni ljudi djelomično su ležali na drvenim daskama i nije bilo bolničarki. Nakon što sam pomogao ozlijeđenoj osobi i ostavio je bolnička sestra koja nam je bila na letu, liječio sam nekoliko ozlijeđenih ljudi u zoni slijetanja helikoptera u vojnoj bolnici i tamo nisam vidio ni jednog američkog liječnika "
18:20 Mrtva tijela odvoze se s mjesta događaja s dva kamiona s platformom
18:30 Autobus pun ozlijeđenih stiže u Ludwigshafen (udaljen 80 km). Bolničar je kasnije rekao:
"U autobusu je bilo 5 teško opečenih osoba. U prijevozu nije bilo bolničara. Samo vozač koji ne govori njemački i nije upoznat s tim područjem, na odiseji kroz grad dok nije uspio pronaći bolnicu."

Napravljeno je nekoliko različitih video zapisa o nesreći. Oni pokazuju da je zrakoplov "prodor" (Pony 10) ušao prenisko i prebrzo na križanju s druge dvije skupine (pet zrakoplova s ​​lijeve strane i četiri s desne strane) dok su dovršavali lik u obliku srca. Glavni pilot potpukovnik Ivo Nutarelli, koji je letio na Ponyju 10, nije uspio ispraviti visinu ili smanjiti brzinu te se sudario s vodećim zrakoplovom (Pony 1, kojim je upravljao potpukovnik Mario Naldini) lijeve formacije "unutar" figure , uništavajući repni dio aviona prednjim dijelom svog aviona. [ potreban je citat ] Poni 1 je zatim izmaknuo kontroli, udario u avion s donje lijeve strane (Poni 2, kojim je upravljao kapetan Giorgio Alessio). Potpukovnik Naldini se izbacio, ali je ubijen dok je udario na pistu prije nego što mu se otvorio padobran. Njegov se zrakoplov srušio na rulnu stazu blizu piste, uništivši helikopter Medevac i smrtno ozlijedivši njegovog pilota, kapetana Kim Strader. Pony 2, treći zrakoplov koji je sudjelovao u katastrofi, teško je oštećen od sudara s Ponyjem 1 i srušio se uz pistu eksplodirajući u vatrenoj kugli. Njegov pilot, kapetan Alessio, poginuo je pri udaru.

Pony 10, zrakoplov koji je započeo sudar, nastavio je balističkom putanjom preko piste, potpuno izvan kontrole i u plamenu, a njegov prednji dio uništen je udarcem s Ponijem 1. Zrakoplov je udario u tlo ispred tribina za gledatelje, eksplodirajući u vatrenoj kugli i uništivši policijsko vozilo parkirano unutar ograde od žičane žice koja je definirala aktivno područje piste. Zrakoplov je nastavio, vozeći se neko vrijeme prije nego što je pokupio trožilnu ogradu od žičane koncerte, prešao pristupnu cestu za hitne slučajeve, udario u gomilu i udario u parkirani kombi za sladoled. Područje pada, koje je bilo usredsređeno na liniju leta i što je moguće bliže aeromitingu što su civilni gledatelji mogli doći, smatralo se "najboljim sjedalima u kući" i bilo je gusto zbijeno. Cijeli incident, od sudara prva dva aviona do sudara u gomili, trajao je manje od sedam sekundi, a gledateljima gotovo nije ostalo vremena za bijeg. Mala visina manevra (45 metara iznad gomile) također je pridonijela kratkom vremenskom okviru.

Pregled fotografija i snimki iz katastrofe pokazao je da se stajni trap Ponyja 10 u nekom trenutku srušio, sugeriralo se da je to mogao biti namjerno spušten kao posljednji sekundni napor pukovnika Nutarellija da uspori svoj avion i izbjegne utjecaj, ali nema značajnih dokaza koji ukazuju na to da je podvozje moglo biti umanjeno zbog brojnih čimbenika. U siječnju 1991. Werner Reith, njemački novinar iz tih novina Die Tageszeitung, sugerirao je u članku da je katastrofa u Ramsteinu mogla biti uzrokovana nekim iznenadnim tehničkim problemom - ili čak sabotažom - u Nutarellijevom avionu. Nisu se mogli prikupiti nikakvi popratni dokazi. Reith je istaknuo da su potpukovnik Nutarelli i potpukovnik Naldini trebali znati detalje o još jednoj zračnoj katastrofi, masakru u Ustici 1980., pozivajući se na izvore iz talijanskog tiska. Sudac Rosario Priore, koji je u to vrijeme istraživao slučaj, otkrio je da su oni izvodili trenažne letove u blizini nekoliko minuta prije incidenta u Ustici, ali je definitivno odbacio njihovu smrt kao sabotažu.


Preživjeli u zračnom salonu u Ramsteinu prisjeća se užasa katastrofe u kojoj je poginulo 70 ljudi, a stotine su zadobile opekotine koje su im promijenile život na 30. godišnjicu

PREŽIVJELI zračne katastrofe u Ramsteinu 1988. u kojoj je poginulo 70 ljudi kaže da mu je slika vatre koja pada na tisuće gledatelja zauvijek urezana u sjećanje.

Aaron Knowles imao je samo tri godine kada su se talijanski kaskaderski avioni sudarili na nebu iznad američke zračne baze u njemačkom Kaiserslauternu, prije nego što su se razbili o gomilu ljudi ispod njih.

Bespomoćno je promatrao svog oca kako trči prema požaru i odvlači šačicu od više od 1.000 ozlijeđenih u sudaru, od kojih je stotine zadobilo opekline koje su im promijenile život.

Strašne fotografije prikazuju mlaznice Aermacchija koje eksplodiraju u vatrenu kuglu u zraku i horde ljudi koji trče odakle su sišli.

Dok se obitelji žrtava pripremaju za obilježavanje sjećanja na mrtve na 30. obljetnicu, Aaron je napisao otrežnjujući prikaz svojih sjećanja na dan koji počinje: & quotJa se sjećam plamena. Sjećam se vriskova. & Quot

Ispričao je Stars and Stripes kako je gledao svog tatu, tadašnjeg narednika zračnih snaga, kako nosi čovjeka s teško ozlijeđenom rukom po polju.

Dodao je: & quotNe sjećam se je li mu ruka bila tamo ili nije. Samo se sjećam krvi.

& quotKad razgovaram s majkom, kaže da sam bio premlad da bih se sjetio nesreće. Ali tako nešto nemoguće je zaboraviti. & Quot

Šezdeset i sedam gledatelja i tri pilota poginulo je kada je manevar probodenog srca talijanske ekipe Tricolori strašno pogriješio.

Jedan od mlaznica ušao je prebrzo i prenisko, probijajući se kroz bočne stranice drugih kaskaderskih zrakoplova na aeromitingu Flugtag ➈.

Njegova se majka često prisjeća kako je gledala "vatru koja je zahvatila dva prva reda", dodajući: "Sjećam se da sam vas zgrabila i potrčala."

A Aaronov otac dodao je: "Pronašao sam dva oborena pilota i osigurao mjesto pada helikoptera za spašavanje prije nego što je pokupio mrtvo tijelo podržavajući tim za sigurnost i spašavanje i medicinskog mrtvozornika."

Pogledajte što donosi naslovnice na globalnoj razini

RIMSKA PANIKA

UŽAS OD NOŽA

GOING VIRAL

KRALJ JAVAČA

ŽIVOT PAKLA

DAN ZEMLJA JE JOŠ BILA

Aaron je rekao da bi u ovom trenutku njegov otac morao prestati pričati priču.

Bila je to najsmrtonosnija zrakoplovna nesreća do 2002., kada je 77 poginulo na uzletištu Sknyliv u Ukrajini.

U utorak će se održati vjerska svečanost u znak sjećanja na one koji su umrli, dok će rodbini i preživjelima biti dopušteno posjetiti zrakoplovnu bazu koja je inače zabranjena.

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Povijest zrakoplovnih nesreća diljem svijeta, najgore je poginulo 77 u Ukrajini

Zvaničnici indijskih zračnih snaga pregledavaju ugljenisane ostatke zrakoplova nakon što su se dva zrakoplova IAF -ovog akrobatskog tima Surya Kiran srušila u blizini zračne baze Yelahanka u Bengaluruu | PTI

New Delhi: Dva zrakoplova Hawk tima za aerobatiku Surya Kiran srušila su se u blizini zračne baze Yelahanka u Bengaluruu tijekom probe u utorak za predstojeću izložbu Aero India 2019.

Jedan pilot je poginuo, dok su druga dva ozlijeđena, objavilo je indijsko ratno zrakoplovstvo (IAF).

Uoči aero show -a, koji bi trebao započeti u srijedu, ThePrint osvrće se na povijest aero -emisija i akrobatskih padova.

Što su akrobacije?

Aerobatika je vježba letačkih manevara koja uključuje visine zrakoplova koji se općenito ne koriste u normalnim letovima. Aerobatika se izvodi avionima, jedrilicama i, u nekim rijetkim slučajevima, helikopterima poput Westland Lynxa.

Aerobatske predstave provode se u svrhu rekreacije, zabave, treninga i sporta.

Prvi aeromiting, koji je uključivao nekoliko vrsta zrakoplova, održan je 1909. u Reimsu u Francuskoj.

Danas se zračni saloni Le Bourget u Parizu, Farnborough u Velikoj Britaniji, Dubaiju i Singapuru smatraju među najvećim u svijetu.

Povijest sudara s zračnim priredbama

Katastrofalni sudari tijekom akrobatskih predstava uobičajena su pojava od pojave ovih predstava.

Između 2000. i 2018. godine u svijetu su prijavljena najmanje 124 sudara - od toga su se tri dogodila u Indiji.

Prije nesreće u utorak u Bengaluruu, posljednji smrtonosni pad zrakoplova u Indiji dogodio se 2010. u Hyderabadu tijekom Indijskog zrakoplovnog sajma, pri čemu su poginula dva pilota.

U SAD -u, "stopa padova civilnih zračnih priredbi bila je 31 pad na 1000 civilnih zračnih događaja", pokazala je studija o padovima u zemlji između 1993. i 2013. godine.

Studija je primijetila da je od 174 civilna zrakoplovna sudara u razdoblju od 1993. do 2013. godine 52 posto uključilo barem jedan smrtni slučaj.

Također je utvrđeno da su najčešći uzroci smrtnih slučajeva tijekom padova zračnih salona: požar, greška pilota, akrobatski let i lokacija izvan zračne luke.

Zloglasni padovi

Povijest pokazuje da većina smrtonosnih nesreća uključuje smrt civila.

Najsmrtonosnija nesreća zrakoplovne priredbe u povijesti dogodila se 2002. godine u blizini aerodroma Sknyliv u ukrajinskom Lavovu. Nakon što je Sukhoi Su-27 ruske proizvodnje izašao iz složenog "ronilačkog manevra", njegovo je lijevo krilo otkinulo tlo. Suhoj se srušio u nekoliko stacionarnih zrakoplova, prije nego što je eksplodirao.

U ovom incidentu poginulo je 77 ljudi, a ozlijeđeno je više od 500 gledatelja. Na užas svih, među poginulima je bilo 28 djece.

Još jedna slična zrakoplovna nesreća dogodila se 1988. u Zapadnoj Njemačkoj - u kojoj je poginulo 70 ljudi, uključujući tri pilota.

Ovo je izvješće ispravljeno tako da odražava točnu brojku stradalih u ukrajinskoj nesreći.

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7 smrtonosnih zračnih nesreća koje su zaprepastile gledatelje

Zračne snage Sjedinjenih Država Thunderbirds vraćaju se na aeromitinge po prvi put nakon smrtonosne nesreće u travnju.

Thunderbirds su putem društvenih mreža objavili svoje nadolazeće nastupe od 18. do 20. svibnja u AirPoweru preko Hampton Roadsa u Join Base Langley Eustis u Virginiji. Ovo će biti prvi javni nastup nakon smrti bojnika Stephena Del Bagna 4. travnja. Bagno je upravljao mlaznim brodom 4 Thunderbirds u mlaznom timu sa šest zrakoplova.

Poginuo je u sudaru iznad pustinje Nevade.

Do smrtonosne nesreće došlo je mjesecima nakon još jedne nesreće s Thunderbirdsima na međunarodnoj zračnoj luci Dayton krajem lipnja. Nesreća se dogodila 23. lipnja prije Daytonskog zrakoplovnog sajma, a ozlijeđeni su kapetan pilota Erik Gonsalves i osoblje za održavanje taktičkih zrakoplova narednik. Kenneth Cordova. F-16 je pretrpio značajna oštećenja, a Thunderbirds su otkazali sve nastupe na aeromitingu.

Zračni nastupi mogu biti rizični za izvođače. Otprilike 52 posto padova civilnih zračnih salona koji su se dogodili od 1993. do 2013. uključivalo je najmanje jedan smrtni slučaj, prema FAA -inoj anketi o općem zrakoplovstvu i zračnom taksiju i podacima Nacionalnog odbora za sigurnost prometa. Podaci su proučavali 174 civilna zrakoplovna sudara.

Evo sedam drugih zračnih nesreća koje su šokirale gledatelje i zrakoplovnu industriju posljednjih godina:

Krilatačica i njezin pilot poginuli su u vatrenoj avionskoj nesreći 2013. dok su nastupali pred tisućama ljudi na Vectren Dayton Air Showu, što je druga fatalna nesreća u šest godina na izložbi. Dvokrilni avion Stearman snage 450 KS s krilnom hodalicom Jane Wicker (46) i pilotom Charliejem Schwenkerom (64) bio je treći čin emisije koji je nastupio u blizini izložbenog centra u međunarodnoj zračnoj luci Dayton kada se nesreća dogodila oko 12:45 sati. PROČITAJTE PUNU PRIČU

2007. godine, akrobatski pilot Jim LeRoy nije uspio održati udaljenost od tla tijekom akrobacije te je srušio svoj jednosjedni dvokrilac od 400 konjskih snaga, prema podacima Nacionalnog odbora za sigurnost prometa. Sigurnosna ploča utvrdila je da je "dimno ulje" prisutno u zraku gdje su izvođači letjeli također pridonijelo padu.

LeRoyev žuti buldog Pitts nastavio je sa spiralnim okretanjem u tlo, skliznuo 300 stopa i izgorio. LeRoy je bio dio aerobatičkog tima u dva aviona poznatog pod kodnim imenom: Marijino janje. LeRoy je ubijen pri udarcu. POGLEDAJTE FOTOGRAFIJE SUSRETA DAYTON AIR SHOW -a

Vojni padobranac poginuo je nakon ozlijede tijekom skoka na Chicago Air & Water Showu 2015. narednik. Corey Hood prve klase (32) iz Cincinnatija preminuo je u sjeverozapadnoj memorijalnoj bolnici dan nakon što je teško ozlijeđen kada je udario u stambenu zgradu i pao na tlo nakon sudara u zraku s drugim padobrancem iznad obale jezera Michigan, Chicago Tribune izvijestio.

Trik 2016. na aeromitingu u zračnoj luci Dekalb-Peachtree u Georgiji završio je upletenim metalom, plamenom i mrtvim pilotom veteranom. Pilot Greg Connell iz Južne Karoline srušio se i preminuo u subotu tijekom aeromitinga u zračnoj luci DeKalb-Peachtree. Događaj koji je privukao starinske zrakoplove, kao i posebno dizajnirane kaskaderske zrakoplove, nazvan je Air Show dobrog susjeda. PROČITAJTE PUNU PRIČU

Thunderbirds će nastupiti prvi put nakon smrtonosnog sudara https://t.co/y2nM5Gg2NS pic.twitter.com/e3YLMms1OG

& mdash Dayton Daily News (@daytondailynews) 15. svibnja 2018

Aerobatički pilot Louisvillea Jay "Flash" Gordon poginuo je u sudaru aviona u Tennesseeju 2015. Letio je ruskim zrakoplovom visokih performansi na zračnoj izložbi u blizini Knoxvillea, objavio je Louisville Courier Journal. On je bio "pionir kvalitete zraka koji je iskoristio let kako bi s mladima zagovarao matematiku i prirodoslovlje, a velikodušno je davao lokalnim institucijama, prisjetili su se prijatelji i poznanici u ponedjeljak." PROČITAJTE PUNU PRIČU

Iskusni pilot poginuo je u sudaru dvokrilca u kolovozu 2016. na Zrakoplovnom salonu Cascades u Madrasu, Oregon. Marcus Bruce Paine (61) upravljao je dvokrilcem Boeing Stearman i srušio se, prema uredu šerifa okruga Jefferson. Zrakoplov je radio na vrlo niskoj petlji s dimnim tragom i otprilike tri četvrtine puta oko petlje kad je Paine pokušao stati. Dno aviona i dalje je palo na tlo, izvijestio je Anchorage Daily News.

47-godišnji pilot poginuo je 2014. godine kada se njegov avion srušio tijekom nastupa na aeromitingu na općinskoj zračnoj luci Stevens Point u Wisconsinu, objavila je policija. Zrakoplov je izvodio zračne manevre tijekom dijela aerobatike dvogodišnjeg aeromitinga kada se srušio u šumovito područje oko 1000 metara istočno od uzletno -sletne piste, izvijestio je Pioneer Press.


10 smrtnih slučajeva u stvarnom životu snimljenih na filmu

Određena emocija nastaje u ljudskom tijelu kada svjedočimo tragičnom događaju na videu. Od izuma video kamere određeni su trenuci zabilježeni, čuvani i pohranjeni kako bi ih svi mogli vidjeti. U ovim isječcima ljudi su patili zbog nepredviđene tragedije, ali kao populacija učimo iz tih iskustava. Mnogi su videozapisi na ovom popisu bezbroj sati proučavali svjetski intelektualci u pokušaju da spriječe slične pojave. Neki će odustati od ideje o stvaranju ovog članka, no dovršen je strogim postupkom odabira svakog isječka. Ovo je prvi dio dva takva popisa, a kako ne bi izazivali nevolje, videozapisi su samo povezani i nisu ugrađeni.

Datum: 24. svibnja 2001
Žrtve: 23 osobe

Versajska dvorana za vjenčanja bila je građevina smještena u jugoistočnom Jeruzalemu. U noći 24. svibnja 2001., Keren i Asaf Dror slavili su vjenčanje na tom mjestu. Prisustvovalo je stotinama prijatelja i rodbine, a zabava je bila u punom jeku kad se veliki dio trećeg kata srušio. Kao posljedica neuspjeha, 23 osobe su umrle, a 380 je ozlijeđeno. Događaj je najgora građanska katastrofa u povijesti Izraela. To je šokiralo javnost, ne samo zbog broja poginulih, već i zato što je kolaps dokumentiran na kameri. Video je emitiran na lokalnoj i međunarodnoj televiziji.

To je apsolutno šokantan komad trake koji jasno pokazuje kolaps. Nevjerojatno je kako samo jedan dio poda popušta, stvarajući veliku rupu. Tijekom spasilačkih napora tri su osobe žive pronađene u ruševinama. Istragom o katastrofi zaključeno je da nije uzrokovana terorističkim napadom. To su dodatno potvrdili svjedoci koji su izvijestili da su vidjeli opasno opuštanje na vjenčanom podu kratko prije neuspjeha. Spuštanje je jasno vidljivo na videu. Početno ispitivanje okrivilo je kolaps metodom Pal-Kal za izgradnju lakih podnih sustava od kasetiranog betona.

Strana zgrade koja je propala bila je projektirana kao dvokatnica. Kasno u procesu izgradnje odlučeno je da obje strane zgrade budu jednake visine, a na kraći kraj dodana je treća priča. Inženjer, Eli Ron, izumitelj Pal-Kal metode gradnje, uhićen je i kasnije optužen, u kolovozu 2002., pod optužbom za ubojstvo iz nehata. Nakon katastrofe, izraelski parlament usvojio je Versajski zakon. Uspostavljeno je posebno povjerenstvo odgovorno za liječenje osoba ozlijeđenih u tom slučaju. U listopadu 2004. trojica vlasnika svadbene dvorane u Versaillesu osuđena su zbog nanošenja ljudske smrti i štete iz nemara. [Isječak]

Datum: 28. kolovoza 1988. godine
Stradalo: 70 osoba

28. kolovoza 1988. 300.000 ljudi prisustvovalo je godišnjem zračnom sajmu Ramstein u Zapadnoj Njemačkoj. Događaj je održan u američkoj zračnoj bazi Ramstein. Tijekom emisije dogodio se sudar u zraku u kojem su sudjelovali brojni avioni Aermacchi MB-339 PAN. U kaosu je poginulo 67 gledatelja i tri pilota. Ukupno 346 ljudi zadobilo je ozbiljne ozljede u nastaloj eksploziji i požaru. Događaj je druga najsmrtonosnija katastrofa u povijesti. Do sudara u zraku došlo je dok je deset zrakoplova Aermacchi MB-339 PAN iz talijanskog tima za prikazivanje zračnih snaga, Frecce Tricolori, izvodilo svoju probušenu srčanu formaciju. Na zaslonu dvije skupine zrakoplova stvaraju oblik srca pred publikom uz pistu. U završetku donjeg vrha srca, dvije skupine zrakoplova prolaze jedna pored druge uzletno -sletne staze.

Usamljeni zrakoplov tada srce probija u smjeru publike. Tijekom nesreće zrakoplov koji je probadao srce sudario se s dva druga mlažnjaka. Nakon udara, zrakoplov se odmah srušio na pistu i raspao. Trup aviona i nastala vatrena kugla zračnog goriva uletjeli su u gledalište, pogodili gomilu i odmorili se u prikolici s hladnjakom. Smatralo se da je mjesto nesreće & ldquobesto mjesto u kući & rdquo, usredotočeno na predstavu. Jedan od trojice pilota uspio je izbaciti se iz svog aviona, ali je poginuo dok je udario na pistu prije nego što mu se otvorio padobran. O nesreći je snimljena velika količina video zapisa. Po dovršetku figure srca, probojni zrakoplov (Pony 10) ušao je prenisko i brzo na mjesto prijelaza. Cijeli incident trajao je manje od 7 sekundi, ne ostavljajući vremena ljudima u gomili da bježe od dijelova letećih mlaznica.

Kao i svi tragični događaji, i ova Ramsteinova katastrofa inspirirala je teoriju zavjere. Dva mjeseca prije katastrofe zrakoplovne priredbe, let 870 Aerolinee Itavia srušio se u Tirensko more, pri čemu je poginula sva 81 osoba na brodu. Talijanska vlada nije dala nikakvo službeno objašnjenje zašto je let 870 doživio potpuni neuspjeh. Događaj je u talijanskim medijima poznat kao masakr u Ustici. Uloga osoblja talijanskih zračnih snaga u tragediji nije jasna.

Međutim, nekoliko članova skupine je istraženo i izvedeno pred sud zbog niza prekršaja koji se odnose na incident, uključujući krivotvorenje dokumenata, krivokletstvo, zlouporabu položaja i pomaganje. Četvorica generala optuženi su za veleizdaju zbog navoda da su ometali vladinu istragu o nesreći, uskraćujući informacije o zračnom prometu u vrijeme katastrofe u Ustici. Predloženo je da su dva od pilota poginulih u katastrofi zrakoplovne priredbe, potpukovnik Nutarelli i potpukovnik Naldini, razumjeli detalje oko masakra u Ustici. [Isječak]

Datum: 11. svibnja 1985. godine
Stradali: 56 osoba

Valley Parade je nogometni stadion koji se nalazi u Bradfordu, West Yorkshire, Engleska. Izgrađen je 1886. godine i bio je matični teren za Bradford City A.F.C. od 1903. Godine 1908. Bradford City je promaknut u top nogometnu diviziju. Osvojili su FA kup 1911. godine, što je Bradford & rsquos jedina velika čast do sada. 11. svibnja 1985. gomila od 11.076 navijača prisustvovala je posljednjoj utakmici treće divizije Bradford City & rsquos sezone, protiv Lincoln Cityja. Rezultat je bio izjednačen 0 & ndash0 nakon 40 minuta igre, kada je primijećena mala vatra tri reda unatrag od zemlje & rsquos tribine. U roku od nekoliko minuta vatra se brzo proširila cijelom dužinom stadiona. Krov Valley Parade & rsquos počeo se rušiti, a drvo i asfalt padali su na gomilu. Trebalo je manje od četiri minute da cijeli štand zahvati plamen.

Crni dim obavijao je stražnje prolaze, odakle su navijači pokušavali pobjeći. U nekim slučajevima gledatelji su pokušali pobjeći uskim rutama koje su vodile do zaključanih vrata. Jedini bijeg za većinu ljudi bio je izravno na teren. U požaru je poginulo 56 gledatelja, a najmanje 265 je ozlijeđeno. Vjeruje se da je požar izbio kada je gledatelj ispustio šibicu ili zapalio cigaretu kroz rupe na tribinama zapalivši smeće ispod. Godine 1985. sjedala Valley Parade nisu imala dizala, što je omogućilo ogromno nakupljanje smeća i papira ispod postolja. Jedan očevidac, Geoffrey Mitchell, rekao je za BBC, & ldquoTo se proširilo poput munje. I & rsquove nikada nisam vidio ništa slično. & Rdquo Tragedija je opisana kao najgora požarna katastrofa u povijesti britanskog nogometa. Valley Parade pretrpjela je značajne građevinske promjene od katastrofe. [Isječak]

Od stvaranja video kamera na filmu su zabilježeni brojni utjecajni politički atentati. U ovom će se članku ispitivati ​​dva najvažnija događaja, smrt Aleksandra I. Jugoslavenskog i Johna F. Kennedyja iz Sjedinjenih Država. Drugi značajni političari koji će biti ubijeni na video vrpci su premijer Izraela, Yitzhak Rabin, političarka rođena u Pakistanu, Benazir Bhutto, meksički političar, Luis Donaldo Colosio, egipatski predsjednik, Anwar Sadat, i brutalno ubojstvo Kazua Nagana iz 1985. godine Japanski biznismen koji je od 12 milijardi jena prevario 3.855 ljudi, uglavnom starijih osoba. Alexander I was the first king of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1929&ndash34) as well as the last king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1921&ndash29). In 1921, on the death of his father, Alexander inherited the throne of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which from its inception was colloquially known as Yugoslavia.

On January 6, 1929, King Alexander abolished the Constitution of Yugoslavia, prorogued the Parliament and introduced a personal dictatorship called the January 6th Dictatorship. In the same month, Alexander tried to banish, by decree, the use of Serbian Cyrillic to promote the exclusive use of the Latin alphabet. By 1931, King Alexander put forth a new Constitution which transferred executive power to the king. On October 9, 1934, Alexander was traveling to Marseilles in order to make a visit to the Third French Republic. He was attempting to strengthen the two countries&rsquo relationship in the Little Entente, which was an alliance by Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia. As Alexander and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou traveled in a car through the streets, a gunman named Vlado Chernozemski stepped from the street and shot the King and his driver. Alexander I was instantly killed by the bullet, and Barthou was accidentally shot by a French policeman and also died in the attack.

The event was one of the first assassinations ever captured on film. The shooting occurred very close to the cameraman, who was only feet from the action. The cameraman captured not merely the assassination, but the immediate aftermath. The assassin, Vlado Chernozemski, was a Bulgarian member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) and an experienced marksman. Immediately after assassinating King Alexander, he was cut down by the sword of a mounted French policeman, and then beaten to death by the crowd. In the video, Alexander&rsquos deceased body can be seen. During this time in history, The IMRO was a political organization that fought for secession of Vardar Macedonia from Yugoslavia. It has since been suggested that the group was working under the secret sponsorship of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. The film record of Alexander I&rsquos assassination remains one of the most notable pieces of newsreel in existence. [Clip]

Date: July 27, 2002
Casualties: 77 People

On July 27, 2002, over 10,000 spectators gathered to watch an air show at the Sknyliv airfield (now known as Lviv International Airport) near Lviv, Ukraine. The event was staged to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Ukrainian Air Force&rsquos 14th Air Corps. At the height of the performance, a Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-27 jet fighter, that was being flown by two experienced pilots, lost control while entering a rolling maneuver and crashed into a crowd of people. The aircraft flattened out upon impact, skidding across the ground and striking a glancing blow to the nose of an Il-76 transport aircraft. It then began to break apart and made a cartwheel into the crowd of spectators.

Both pilots were able to eject from the aircraft and survived the accident with minor injuries. The air show spectators were not as lucky, 77 people were killed in the disaster, including 19 children. In all, 543 citizens were injured and 100 of the people required medical attention for serious head injuries, burns and bone fractures. The event is the worst air show accident in history. Following the disaster, the pilots proclaimed that the flight map they had received differed from the actual layout. On the flight data recorder, one pilot asks, &ldquoAnd where are our spectators?&rdquo An air show pilot should always know where the crowd is located.

Professionals close to the case have suggested that the pilots were slow to react to automated warnings issued by the flight computer. Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma publicly blamed the military for the disaster and dismissed the head of the Air Force, Volodymyr Strelnykov. The pilots involved in the accident were assigned the majority of blame. They were each given lengthy prison sentences and forced to pay the families of victims a large sum of money. Many separate videos of the crash were taken and released to the public. The clip I have selected clearly shows the plane hit the crowd, but does not show the true horror and chaos that ensued. Other videos of the disaster are much more revealing. [Clip]

Date: February 20, 2003
Casualties: 100 People

The Station was a glam metal and rock themed nightclub located in West Warwick, Rhode Island. On the night of February 20, 2003, the club experienced the fourth deadliest nightclub fire in American history, killing 100 people. The fire started just seconds into the headlining band, Great White&rsquos opening song, when pyrotechnics set off by the group&rsquos tour manager, Daniel Biechele, ignited flammable acoustic foam on both sides of the drummer&rsquos alcove. The flames were at first thought to be part of the act, and only as the fire reached the ceiling did some people realize it was uncontrolled.

In less than a minute, the entire stage was engulfed in flames, with most of the band members fleeing for the west exit. However, Great White&rsquos lead guitarist, Ty Longley, was killed in the disaster. As the nightclub&rsquos fire alarm system made everyone aware of the impending danger, most people naturally headed for the front door. There were four possible exits in the building, but people began to panic. The ensuing stampede led to a crush in the narrow hallway leading to the front exit, quickly blocking the passageway completely and resulting in numerous deaths. The fast-moving fire engulfed the entire club in 5½ minutes.

The fire, from its inception, was caught on videotape by cameraman Brian Butler, for WPRI-TV of Providence, and the beginning of the tape was released to national news stations. The video shows how lucky Butler was to evacuate the building when he did. I have included the extended version of the film that is extremely revealing. Five seconds of footage captured in the middle of the tape gives a horrifying glimpse of the human crush that formed at the front of the club entrance. After the incident, the band&rsquos manager and the club owner were convicted on involuntary manslaughter charges. As of August 2008, nearly $175 million has been offered to the families of the victims of the fire by various defendants in settlement. [Clip]

Date: November 23, 1996
Casualties: 122 People

On November 23, 1996, Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked en route from Addis Ababa to Nairobi. The plane was taken hostage by three Ethiopians who were seeking political asylum in Australia. The three inexperienced terrorists used a covered bottle of liquor as a fake bomb and were armed with an axe. The hijackers demanded the plane be flown to Australia. However, the captain informed the group that the aircraft did not have enough fuel to make it all the way to Australia. Instead of flying towards Australia, the captain followed the African coastline. The hijackers noticed that land was still visible and forced the pilot to steer east. Captain Leul then secretly headed for the Comoro Islands, which are midway between Madagascar and the African mainland.

The plane was nearly out of fuel as it approached the island group, but the hijackers continued to ignore the captain&rsquos warnings. Out of options, Leul began to circle the area. When the aircraft ran out of fuel, the crew used a ram air turbine to preserve the most essential functions, but this cut-off the hydraulic systems, making the flaps inoperable. This forced Leul to land the plane at more than 175 knots (about 320 km/h or 200 mph). While still fighting with the hijackers, he tried to ditch the aircraft in shallow waters 500 yards (457 m) off Le Galawa Beach Hotel, near Mitsamiouli, at the northern end of Grande Comore Island. Leul attempted to land parallel with the waves in an effort to smooth the landing. The left engine and wingtip struck the water first. The engine acted as a scoop and struck a coral reef, slowing the left side of the aircraft quickly, causing the Boeing 767 to violently spin left and break apart. Island residents and tourists, including a group of scuba divers and some French doctors on vacation, quickly came to the aid of the crash survivors.

Sadly, 122 of the 172 passengers and crew died in the crash. Many people perished because they inflated their life jackets in the cabin too early, causing them to be trapped inside by the rising water. This fact has directly led to further notices about not inflating the vests before exiting the plane. A tourist on the beach recorded a video of ET-AIZ crashing into the water. The clip has served as an important tool in studies of aviation crashes and procedures. The event was one of very few examples of a large airliner landing in the water, and the first hijacked water landing. Both the captain and co-pilot of the flight survived the crash and received aviation awards. They continue to fly for Ethiopian Airlines today. [Clip]

John F. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination, in 1963. He ruled America during a time of high uncertainty and strong tensions with Russia and other communist nations. On November 22, 1963, JFK traveled, with his wife Jacqueline, to Texas in order to smooth over factions in the Democratic Party. As the Presidential motorcade entered the West End district of Dealey Plaza, in Dallas, Kennedy was attacked and shot once in the upper back. Seconds later he was shot a second time in the side of the head and died almost instantly. He was only 46 years old and remains the youngest U.S. president to die. Lee Harvey Oswald, an employee of the Texas School Book Depository, from which the shots were suspected to have been fired, was arrested on charges of killing Kennedy.

Oswald denied shooting anyone, but was killed by Jack Ruby on November 24, before he could be indicted or tried for the murder. Following the assassination, President Johnson created the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination, which concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin. The results of this investigation are disputed by many. The death of JFK has proved to be an important moment in U.S. history because of its impact on the nation and the ensuing political repercussions. Besides the Patterson-Gimlin Bigfoot film, the Abraham Zapruder clip of the JFK assassination is probably the most watched piece of tape in history. It gives a relatively clear view on the entire event. The video is one of the most studied and scrutinized pieces of film in history, with many impurities. It wasn&rsquot shown to the national public until March 6, 1975, when the clip was featured on the ABC late-night television show Good Night America, hosted by Geraldo Rivera.

After the Kennedy assassination, United States Presidents stopped traveling in convertible vehicles. Today, the limousine of Barack Obama has extensive security features. It holds military grade armor and run flat tires. The doors of the vehicle weigh as much as a Boeing 757 airplane cabin door and the engine is equipped with an Eaton Twin Vortices Series 1900 supercharger system. The outside of the car is only heard through an internal speaker system. The vehicle is perfectly sealed against biochemical attacks and has its own oxygen supply and firefighting system built into the trunk. It can emit tear gas and fire a salvo of multi-spectrum infrared smoke grenades, used as a countermeasure. The limo has a driver enhanced video system and is able to move in complete darkness. The trunk acts as a blood bank for Obama and he is constantly flanked by multiple cars. When the U.S. president travels out of town, his motorcade consists of about 45 vehicles. Times have changed since November 22, 1963. [Clip]

Date: September 11, 2001
Casualties: 3,000 People

The September 11 attacks were a series of coordinated suicide attacks by al-Qaeda upon the United States, on September 11, 2001. On that morning, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four commercial passenger jet airliners and intentionally crashed two of the airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, in New York City, killing everyone on board and many other people working in the buildings. Within two hours of impact, both of the World Trade Center towers collapsed. The hijackers crashed a third airliner into The Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural Pennsylvania. In all, nearly 3,000 people perished in the events. According to the New York State Health Department, 836 responders have since died, as of June 2009.

In the rescue effort, 343 firefighters and 60 police officers from New York City and the Port Authority were killed. Hundreds of separate videos were taken on the morning of September 11. The tragedy was captured and broadcast on live television all over the world, with many people witnessing victims jumping to their death from the burning towers. After the initial plane hit the World Trade Center&rsquos North Tower, a camera was constantly fixed on that area. For this reason, both the impact of the second plane on the South Tower and the subsequent building collapses were widely recorded. The raw footage is shocking and is a grim reminder of what occurred that morning. I have included a clip of the second plane striking the World Trade Center South Tower. [Clip]

Date: March 11, 2011
Casualties: 15,000 People

In the last 100 years, many tragic videos have been captured showing the world&rsquos natural disasters. Few clips have compared to videos taken from the 2004 Indian Ocean and the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami mega disasters. On March 11, 2011, an undersea megathrust earthquake occurred off the coast of Japan. It was the most powerful known earthquake to have ever hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes since modern record-keeping began, in 1900. The earthquake triggered a collection of extremely destructive tsunami waves, up to 38 meters (124 ft). In some cases, the water traveled up to 10 km (6 mi) inland.

In addition to loss of life and destruction of infrastructure, the tsunami caused a number of nuclear accidents, of which, by far, the most serious was an ongoing level 7 event, and 20 km (12 mi) evacuation zone around the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. The plant was protected by a seawall designed to withstand a 5.7 m (19 ft) tsunami, but not the 14 m (46 ft) maximum wave which arrived 41&ndash60 minutes after the earthquake. The overall cost of the quake could exceed $300 billion, making it the most expensive natural disaster on record. The Japanese National Police Agency has confirmed approximately 15,000 deaths.

The earthquake moved Honshu 2.4 m (7.9 ft) east, and shifted the Earth on its axis by almost 10 cm (3.9 in). The Bank of Japan offered 15 trillion yen (US$183 billion) to the banking system on March 14, in an effort to normalize market conditions. It is unusual for an earthquake to exceed the magnitude of 8.5. The 9.0 mark of this quake has surprised many seismologists. Sadly, over 100,000 children were uprooted from their homes during the disaster, some of whom were separated from their families because the earthquake occurred during the school day. Many videos have emerged showing the destruction. I have selected a clip that shows a collection of large ocean waves overpowering a Japanese city. [Clip]


Air Show Survivors Say Crash Was Like a Nightmare

SAN ANTONIO, Texas (AP) _ An American couple recovering from burns suffered during an air show crash in West Germany said Tuesday they still wonder how they survived, and vowed never to attend another aerobatic exhibition.

Air Force Sgt. Jeffrey McCanch, 23, his wife, Tammy McCanch, 21, and their 28-month-old son, Jeffrey, are among a group of Americans being treated at the burn unit of Brooke Army Medical Center.

Fifty-three people died and several hundred others were injured after three Italian jets crashed during a demonstration at Ramstein Air Force Base, West Germany, on Aug. 28.

McCanch said he and his family were sitting together when the crash occurred and that parts of the aircraft landed about 30 feet near them.

The McCanchs were burned on their hands, but their son, who was asleep on the ground at the time, was burned on his face, neck, back, legs and chest.

″It was just like a nightmare,″ Ms. McCanch said. ″When I was laying there on the ground . I just kept on saying, ’This is not real. It’s not happening.″

Both McCanches said they would never go to another air show as spectators, but disagreed on whether air shows should be banned.

″I don’t think there is a purpose for them,″ said Ms. McCanch, whose parents live in Indianapolis, Ind.

But her husband, who is assigned to bomb disposal unit at Kapaun Air Station near Ramstein, said the public is interested in the expensive aircraft.

″It shows the public the capabilities of the aircraft,″ he said.

McCanch said that he was trying to take pictures with a small camera when he saw the aircraft collide. He said the impact knocked them several feet away from their son and he had to race back to pick him up.

After their son’s condition stabilized, the three were flown to the Texas burn unit. The boy had a skin graft Tuesday.

″He’s doing fine. He sees us all the time. He wants to be with us as much as we can,″ Ms. McCanch said.


The timing was all wrong

On this fateful day, Nutarelli got his timing wrong, flying higher than expected before diving down too fast. As the other nine planes pass each other at 350 miles per hour, Nutarelli knows he is flying too fast and does everything he can to slow his descent. Unfortunately, a collision was unavoidable, with Nutarelli’s aircraft clipping Pony 2, piloted by Capt. Giorgio Alessio. Pony 2 explodes mid-air while Nutarelli’s jet crashes into Pony 1, shattering its tail section before cartwheeling across the sky in flames.

Stunned onlookers on the ground cannot believe what they are witnessing as Nutarelli’s plane crashes in a grassy area just in front of them, sending nearly 300 gallons of ignited jet fuel into the crowd.

Following the collision and the ensuing debris and flames, killing dozens of spectators with hundreds more suffering horrific burns. The seven remaining Machhi MB-339As form a dead man formation and return to Sembach Air Base.


The 6 Worst Air-Show Disasters: A Video Collection, Just in Time for Wings Over Houston

Podržite nezavisni glas Houstona i pomozite da budućnost Houston Pressa ostane slobodna.

Next time you go to an air show, take a look at the fine print on the ticket. Besides the usual stuff about acts of God and "Promoter not responsible if the frontman doesn't show due to injecting Drano into his balls," there's something else. It says they're really, really not to blame if some fiery wreckage falls from the sky and turns your entire family into a small pile of smoldering embers.

The Wings Over Houston Airshow -- a tradition at Ellington Field going back to its days as an active air force base -- has never had such a tragedy as happened at the Reno Air Races last month. And as far as we know, has never even come close. However, you never know when the Hand of God might knock his fork off the table.

So lacking any fiery airshow holocaust footage from local sources, we dug up -- we hesitate to call them "favorites" -- but some of the worst from around the world, including some that had relatively tiny death tolls, but were just plain unforgivable for one reason or another:

Considered the worst airshow disaster ever. The two-seat Sukhoi Su-27 fighter (roughly equivalent to the U.S. F-15 Eagle) was performing a routine airshow maneuver when something went wrong. It's suspected that the crew misjudged their altitude.

They claimed the map of the airshow performing area, which is given to all air crews flying at these events, was not accurate and thus did not show where the crowd actually was. This determines what direction the pilots will fly during maneuvers so as to stay clear of spectators in case of a crash.

Whatever really happened in the cockpit, the plane hit the ground, exploded and cartwheeled into the spectator area. Either 77 or 84 people were killed outright, depending on your source 100 were seriously injured with mostly burns and broken bones, and another 450 were less seriously injured.

The Ukrainian justice system doesn't screw around: In 2005, a UAF court martial sentenced pilot Volodymyr Toponar to 14 years in the slammer, and his co-pilot, Yuriy Yegorov, who wasn't even in control of the airplane, to eight years. Three other officers from the Ukrainian Air Force's "Ukrainian Falcons" demonstration team got jail time. In addition, the crew was ordered to pay several million dollars in damages to the families of the victims.

This one did not happen at an airshow. It happened during a rehearsal for a show the next day at Fairchild AFB in Washington State. The investigation in the aftermath of the crash of Czar 52 -- call sign of a B-52H bomber the size of a Walmart superstore -- exposed for all to see the U.S. Air Force's tolerance and even promotion of hubris, cowardice, incompetence, failures of command at high levels, and just the most frightening bunch of people ever to be put in charge of a base stocked with nuclear weapons and the machines designed to deliver them.

The pilot, Lt. Col. Arthur "Bud" Holland, had such a reputation for being a cowboy, so out of control, that one squadron commander from the 94th Bomb Wing instructed his crews that they didn't have to fly with Holland if they felt unsafe. And lots of people felt unsafe in Holland's airplane. He once flew so low coming off the bomb range he nearly knocked a camera crew off a small ridge. That's pretty damned low in a 200-ton B-52H. Another time he instructed a navigator to crawl back to the bomb bay (through a hatch called the "Hell Hole") and straddle the beams while videotaping the bombs leaving the airplane. Not because of any operational need for such a tape, but because Holland thought it would be cool.

In other words, this guy, who had somehow made it to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and was appointed the wing's Chief of Standardization and Evaluation (the Air Force equivalent of an airline's chief pilot), listened to no one, was a strutting, arrogant loose cannon, and, some even say, a borderline psychotic. Oh, almost forgot: One time, Holland flew his B-52 over the field where his daughter's softball team was playing and put the aircraft into what is known as a "dead man's spiral." It's dangerous enough in a tiny Cessna. To deliberately do it in a B-52 is, well, psychotic.

So Holland sets out at 7:30 a.m. the morning before the big Fairchild AFB air show, and just to keep an eye on him, his crew consisted of Lt. Col. Mark McGeehan, two other lieutenant colonels and a full colonel who happened to be the deputy wing commander. We won't go into the science of over-banking the airplane at low airspeeds and altitude, or any of that other junk. All that matters is that Holland made a student-pilot mistake and killed himself and everyone on board.

The story of Holland, Czar 52, and what turned out to be a scorching indictment of the entire U.S. Air Force's promotion, command and staffing policies, has been the subject of several books and countless articles. If you want to get scared about who's minded the nukes, Google the story of Czar 52.

Apparently, a lot of people wanted to see what Holland was going to pull the day he killed everybody in Czar 52, because the final flight was taped from a lot of angles.

4. "Ice Cream Parlor Crash," Sacramento, CA - Sept. 24, 1972 This one was bad on several levels. First, there were the 22 people who died, including the young members of a little league football team. (One eight-year-old lost nine members of his family, including both his parents, three siblings and two grandparents.)

The crash happened when the pilot of a privately owned F-86 Sabre Jet, departing the Golden West Sport Aviation Show, failed to get airborne on takeoff, plowed through the chain-link fence at the airport perimeter, crossed a road, crushed a parked car and continued through the front of the Farrell's Ice Cream Parlor in a strip mall. The Sabre Jet finally came to a stop inside the parlor.

The pilot, Richard Bingham, who it was later clear had more money than brains or flying time, climbed out of the wrecked airplane with cuts and a broken arm saying, according to witnesses, "I'm sorry, I'm sorry. get the people out!" (Too late: The NTSB report described the scene as "a slaughterhouse. It was horrible").

However, the NTSB had a pretty good explanation: Due to his inexperience in the jet, Bingham over-rotated on takeoff, which in English means he pulled back on the stick too hard too soon. It causes the airplane to raise the nose too high and often results in a crash and death of the pilot. In this case, the airplane (a more powerful Canadian version of the ubiquitous American design known up there as the "Sabre Mk. V") settled back to the ground and Bingham took off on his wild ride across the road. It was not explained why Bingham didn't simply chop the throttle and jump on the brakes.

Another effect the crash had on aviation was to prevent warbird collectors, museums and private restorers from acquiring jets for years after this tragedy. To this day the U.S. military will not sell tactical jets to civilians. Instead of just making certain that those who could afford these toys, or the museums who flew them, were competent to fly them, the FAA simply went on haphazardly certifying people to fly equally lethal WW II-vintage propeller planes.

Also, it was never satisfactorily explained why the ice cream parlor and the shopping center that contained it got a building permit just yards from the end of a busy runway that accommodated business jets on a regular basis. Sounds a lot like the kind of thing that might happen in Houston.

We included this one precisely because, disaster that it was in monetary terms, not one person was injured, let alone killed. Why waste space on this? Because it puts the lie to something those of us who were raised on anti-Soviet propaganda simply assumed to be true -- that the Soviet system, and their culture, placed no value on the individual life.

So why is it that anybody who knows anything about the aerospace industry is aware that the Russians, bar none, make the best, the safest, most consistently life-saving ejection seats in the world, and have for decades? In fact, they've spent billions upon billions of rubles researching and building devices whose sole purpose is to save the individual life. Not even the Brits, with their fabled Martin-Baker seats, or the much-vaunted US ACES II and NACES series of bang seats, can match what the Russians make.

In this video from the Royal International Air Tattoo at RAF Fairford, a pair of MiG-29s collide at a closing speed of probably 600-700 mph. The pilot of either jet had less than a second to react, pull the handle and blast himself free like a human cannonball, and with only a few hundred feet above the ground for the parachute to open.

And what do we see? Within seconds of hitting the ground -- standing up! -- our intrepid aviator Boris calmly lights up a smoke with his flaming aircraft in ruins on the ground behind him. The only thing that could have made this cooler would have been if he'd lit his cigarette off a shard of burning airplane.

And no, we don't know why the Brits call an airshow a "tattoo."

It's not official yet, but we're pretty certain that the trim tab -- a little rectangular, flap-like device -- "departed the airplane," which was going more than 400 mph at the time. Losing your trim tab is never convenient, but at those speeds and in a turn it's, well, usually fatal to the pilot. Not so often to a few dozen people.

Personally, we don't like so-called Unlimited Air Racing. It's an excuse for rich men to match peckers in front of a huge paying audience.

We don't care if they want to go out and kill themselves that way. No, our problem with it is this: Who knows how many historically significant Mustangs, Corsairs, P-38 Lightnings and F8F Bearcats, to name a few types, have been chopped up beyond recognition to make them go a little faster?

Make no mistake, too, that these planes are so heavily modified that they can't ever be restored, in most cases, to their original WW II appearance.

I know this sounds callous since families are still grieving over the people who died horribly after going out for what was to be an exciting afternoon of watching the air races. But we can't really add anything that hasn't already been said about that.

It's a cliché in the aviation business that safety regulations are always written in blood. Unfortunately, in air racing, neither the sanctioning bodies of the races, nor the FAA, bother to write even the simplest and easiest to employ safety regs in ink or blood.

Most air forces and navies of any size have at least one aerial demonstration team. In the U.S., it's the USAF's Thunderbirds and the Navy's Blue Angels. Even the U.S. Army has helicopter and parachuting demo teams. It's a dangerous business, and it goes without saying that only the best of the best need apply.

And, in the U.S., the UK (with the RAF's Red Arrows team), France and most other countries, these teams rehearse tirelessly so that their shows are as safe as they are exciting, or as safe as you can be while at the same time being so damned exciting. There are major tradeoffs between the two concepts.

In aviation circles, there are certain teams who are known to lean quite a bit more toward excitement than safety. The Italian Frecce Tricolori team was one of those the Canadian Snowbirds team had that reputation for a long time, though we're not sure it's still true. The French team has had a similar rep. But what the hell, man, do these, shall we say, slightly more daring teams put on a show! When the Canadians do their famous "bomb burst" or "palm tree" maneuver, it never fails to raise goose bumps, even without the required Scorpions music playing over the PA.

But this is about the Italian team. And the horror they created occurred at the U.S. base at Ramstein, Germany, during the annual airshow, called Flugtag '88 (roughly, "Flyday '88"). This was and is done at U.S. and NATO bases in Europe to keep up good relations with the locals. The star attraction for the 1988 Ramstein show was the Frecce Tricolori, who never left a crowd disappointed. Terrified maybe, but never let down.

The Frecce Tricolori (a reference to the Italian flag) was a relatively big team, using ten Aermacchi MB-339 PAN light ground attack or trainer jets (the two U.S. teams use no more than six powerful jets, while the Brits and Canadians nine fairly small jets). The FT were in the process of pulling off their famous Cardioide or "pierced heart" maneuver.

In this routine, two formations create a heart shape in front of the audience and parallel to the runway. Just before the climax, in which a solo plane passes through the heart at high speed -- toward the crowd -- the two groups of planes forming the heart passed each other parallel to the runway. At this point, the aircraft began to collide. As in "The Charge of the Light Brigade," someone had blundered, and into the Valley of Death rode the three-hundred (thousand) spectators.

Nowadays, precisely because of what happened during this maneuver, there is no airshow on the planet, as far as we know, that allows any performing aircraft to fly toward the crowd.

The final toll was 67 dead spectators and three dead pilots. Also, 346 spectators were seriously burned or otherwise injured when thousands of gallons of flaming jet fuel and airplane parts rolled over the crowd like a volcanic eruption.

In aviation circles, there are national air-demonstration people who rank this incident -- in terms of deaths and serious injuries -- as only the second-worst airshow disaster in history. But there are many aviation types -- including us -- who put this one at the top, primarily because of the nightmarish injuries suffered by those in that vague category lumped together as "injured." That implies that they got better. But how much better are you when your body has been left 90 percent scarred from third-degree burns?

This one, like every one of these, did not have to happen.

Neka Houston Press bude slobodan. Otkad smo započeli Houston Press, definiran je kao slobodan, neovisan glas Houstona, i željeli bismo ga tako i zadržati. Nudeći našim čitateljima besplatan pristup izvrsnom izvještavanju o lokalnim vijestima, hrani i kulturi. Producirajući priče o svemu, od političkih skandala do najpopularnijih novih bendova, s hrabrošću u izvješćivanju, elegantnom pisanju i zaposlenicima koji su osvojili sve, od nagrade za pisanje dugometražnih djela Sigma Delta Chi Društva profesionalnih novinara do Caseyjeve medalje za zaslužno novinarstvo. No, s obzirom na to da je lokalno novinarstvo pod opsadom i da padovi prihoda od oglašavanja imaju veći utjecaj, sada je više nego ikad važno da okupimo podršku iza financiranja našeg lokalnog novinarstva. Možete pomoći ako sudjelujete u našem programu "Podržavam", što nam omogućuje da nastavimo pokrivati ​​Houston bez platnih zidova.


Gledaj video: Scintillating Air Performance at Aero India Show 2021 (Siječanj 2022).