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HMS Malaya

HMS Malaya


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HMS Malaya napušta luku New York

HMS Malajski napuštajući luku New York.


HMS malajski (BB-6)

Autor Stephen Sherman, lipanj 2007. Ažurirano 1. ožujka 2012.

H MS Malajski bio je bojni brod Kraljevske mornarice klase Queen Elizabeth, porinut u ožujku 1915. Ime je dobila u čast Federativnih malezijskih država, čija je vlada platila njenu izgradnju.

Izgradio: Armstrong (Newcastle-on-Tyne)
Naručeno: 1913
Položeno: 20. listopada 1913
Lansirano: 18. ožujka 1915
Pušteno u rad: 1. veljače 1916
Nadopuna: cca 1.124 do 1300
Naoružanje: osam topova od 15 inča, dvanaest topova od 6 inča, osam topova tipa A.A od 4 inča, šesnaest topova AA 2-pdr i 1 zrakoplov.
Brzina: 24 čvora,
Težina: 31.100 tona.

Bitka za Jutland 1916

Ispaljeno 215 metaka 15 metaka. Primio je 7 pogodaka od 12 inča i zadobio 63 poginula i 68 ozlijeđenih.
24. lipnja 1916. pridružio se Velikoj floti nakon popravaka.


Između ratova dva puta obnavljan. U potonjoj obnovi dodana je nova vješalica i fiksna katapultna krma lijevka, dvije dizalice su bile osigurane za podupiranje kretanja zrakoplova. Pojedinačni nosači pištolja AA promjera 4 "zamijenjeni su dvostrukim nosačima. Na raspolaganju su dva pompona s 8 cijevi i dva četvorka mitraljeza od 0,5" postavljena na X kupolu. Dva HA DCT (High Angle Director Control Tower) opremljena su za podršku novim protuzračnim topovima.

Nakon početka rata ugrađen je novi radar upozorenja na zrak, površinski radar i radar tipa HA (visoki kut). Dodano je još 20 dodatnih Oerlikon topova kalibra 20 mm.

Drugi svjetski rat

17. kolovoza 1940. - U ranim jutarnjim satima britanski bojni brodovi HMS Warspite (Kapetan D.B. Fisher), HMS Malajski (Kapetan A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Kapetan H.T. Baillie-Grohman) i drugi bombardirali su talijanske položaje oko tvrđave Bardia.

Operacija MB -6 - 8. listopada 1940

Britanski konvoj od četiri trgovca krenuo je iz Aleksandrije na Maltu 8. listopada 1940. Ovaj konvoj pratila su dva britanska protuzračna krstarica, tri australska razarača HMS Stuart, i jedan britanski razarač.

Pokriće je osigurala Sredozemna flota (pod admiralom Cunninghamom) s britanskim bojnim brodovima HMS Warspite (Kapetan D.B. Fisher), HMS Hrabar (Kapetan H.B. Rawlings), HMS Malajski (Kapetan A.F.E. Palliser), HMS Ramillies (Kapetan H.T. Baillie-Grohman), britanski nosač zrakoplova HMS Slavan (Kapetan D.W. Boyd), te drugi britanski i australski ratni brodovi.

Konvoj nije uočen i stigao je siguran na Maltu 11. listopada. Jedina pretrpljena šteta bila je na razaraču HMS Carske koji je miniran na Malti i bio je izvan pogona više od 6 mjeseci.

Na povratku je talijanski zrakoplov ugledao Mediteransku flotu. Talijanska mornarica pokušala ih je presresti u Jonskom moru. U noći s 11. na 12. listopada napadnuti su talijanski torpedni čamac i flote razarača, ali su odbijeni uz velike gubitke.

Britanski napad na Genovu - 6. veljače 1941

Snage H (pod viceadmiralom Somervilleom) napustile su Gibraltar 6. veljače 1941. Bojni krstaš HMS Poznati (Kapetan R.R. McGrigor), bojni brod HMS Malajski (Kapetan A.F.E. Palliser), nosač zrakoplova HMS Ark Royal (Kapetan C.S. Holland), a drugi su brodovi napustili Gibraltar prema zapadu s konvojem HG-53. To je učinjeno kako bi se zavarali njemački i talijanski promatrači u Španjolskoj. U međuvremenu su 4 razarača napustila Gibraltar i na pari krenula prema istoku kako bi proveli protupodmorničko čišćenje. Tijekom noći Force H je preokrenuo kurs i prošao Gibraltar na zapadnom kursu natrag u Sredozemlje. Tamo su im se pridružila 4 razarača.

Talijanska flota napustila je 8. veljače luku i krenula na jug nakon što su primili izvješća o britanskim zrakoplovima -nosačima južno od Baleara. Talijani su mislili da postoji još jedan konvoj na Maltu.

Rano ujutro 9. veljače, Poznati, Malajski i Sheffield bombardirao talijanski grad Genovu. U luci su potopljena 4 broda, a 18 je oštećeno. Oštećen je i sam grad. Talijanska flota okrenula se i pokušala presresti britanske brodove, no zbog lošeg vremena to nije uspjelo. U međuvremenu Ark RoyalZrakoplov je napao Livorno i minirao luku La Spezia. Snaga H se sigurno vratila na Gibraltar 11. veljače.


20 ožujka 1941

Nešto prije ponoći njemačka podmornica U-106 napala je trgovački brod konvoja SL-68 s raširenjem dva torpeda oko 250 milja zapadno od Zelenortskih otoka. Jedno je torpedo pogodilo i oštetilo britanski bojni brod HMS Malajski, uzrokujući znatnu štetu. Uz velike poplave, brod je zauzeo popis od 7 stupnjeva, ali je sigurno stigao do Trinidada. Nakon privremenih popravaka, nastavila se do njujorškog mornaričkog dvorišta, gdje je bojni brod pristajao 4 mjeseca. 9. srpnja brod je krenuo prema Clydeu, a stigao je 28. srpnja.

1942. zrakoplov i katapult uklonjeni su, a dva pištolja za pištolje AA dijagonale AA dodana su letačkoj palubi, na krmenu nadgradnju dodana su još dva pompona s 8 cijevi, broj topova Oerlikon od 20 mm povećan je na 31. Tip (SW) Radar 271 dodan je na prednji jarbol. Dva prednja topa od 6 inča uklonjena su.

HMS Malajski povučen je iz službe krajem 1944. i stavljen u pričuvu te je služio kao smještajni brod. Prodano 20. veljače 1948. Metal Industries -u i stiglo je u Faslane 12. travnja 1948. na otpad. . Odbačena je u travnjak u Faslaneu u Škotskoj 12. travnja 1948. Zvono brodova može se vidjeti u East India Clubu u Londonu.


Sadržaj

U Prvom svjetskom ratu služila je u 5. borbenoj eskadrili velike flote admirala Hugha Evana-Thomasa. Sudjelovala je u bitci za Jutland, 31. svibnja 1916., gdje je pogođena osam puta i pretrpjela veliku štetu i velike gubitke posade. Ukupno 65 ljudi je poginulo u bitci ili kasnije od ozljeda. Među ranjenima je bio i sposobni pomorac Willie Vicarage, istaknut kao jedan od prvih ljudi koji su podvrgnuti rekonstrukciji lica plastičnom kirurgijom i prvi koji je dobio radikalnu rekonstrukciju tehnikom "cjevaste pedikule" koju je započeo Sir Harold Gillies. Ώ ] Jedinstveno među brodovima u bitci, HMS Malajski letio je crveno-bijelo-crno-žuti zastavnik Federativnih malajskih država.


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Ljubitelj povijesti - Blog Yusrin Faidz Yusoff


Ianya adalah sebuah klip filem bisu yang saya edit dengan selingan muzik iaitu Lagu Kebesaran Negeri Perak iaitu 'Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan' yang dimainkan oleh Pancaragam Akedemi Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia, dan juga Lagu Kebangsaa British Queen

Sejarah HMS Malaya bermula semasa berlangsungnya Mesyuarat Raja-Raja Melayu pada tahun 1912, di mana Sultan Perak iaitu Sultan Idris Murshidul Azzam Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar (1849.-1916.) Mengusulkan agar Nemui Megai-Nemui-Nemui-Nemui-Nemui-Nemui-Meguay Meguay-Niger mempertingkat kelengkapan perang. Secara khusus ianya adalah suatu usul untuk membiayai kos pembinaan salah satu dari lima buah kapal perang utama kategorija "Queen Elizabeth-Class" bagi pihak British. Usul tersebut telah disokong Oleh Sultan Selangor iaitu Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah Ibni Almarhum Raja Muda Musa (1863-1938), dan dipersetujui Oleh Yang diPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan iaitu Tuanku Muhammeda ibni Almarhum Tuanku Antah (1865-1933), dan Sultan Pahang iaitu Sultan Mahmud Šah ibni al-Marhum sultan Ahmad al-Mu ’azzam Šah (1868-1917).

Kapal je utaminirao svoju glazbu koja je pala 1913. godine u Whitworth & amp Company iz Newcastle-upon-Tynea, Engleska. Menurut rekod, penduduk FMS dimaklumkan tentang status pembinaan melalui laporan akhbar yang dikeluarkan selang 3 bulan dari tahun 1913 hingga 1915. Pemilihan nama kapal perang utama tersebut juga menjadi isu perbincangan penduduk FMS semenjak tahlaka tahun 1912 "," HMS Malaysia "," HMS Sri Malaya "i" HMS Malaya ". Dari pandangan umum, nama "HMS Malaya" adalah nama yang paling mendapat sambutan (Singapurski besplatni tisak i trgovački oglašivač, 16.12.1912).

Zajedno sa FMS -om, datum je 18.3.1915., A dan na dan HMS Malaya pada 1.2.1916. (1. siječnja). Ia membentuk sebahagian dari kelengkapan 5th Battle Squadron, Grand Fleet yang diketuai kontraadmiral Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari segi kos, ianya menelan belanja sebanyak ٠,945,709 iaitu bersamaan 25 juta dolar selat. Jika dibanding dalam nilai semasa, ianya berjumlah 𧷩 juta atau RM1,6 milijardi. Ketika itu penyumbang terbesar kepada ekonomi FMS, yang menjadi sumber utama dana pembinaan HMS Malaya, adalah negeri Perak.

Dari segi dimenzije, HMS Malaya berukuran 196,82 metra i 27,58 metara lebar i mempunyai berat 33.020 tan. Ianya dilengkapi 8 meriam 15 inci yang diletakkan di 4 landasan meriam berputar. Ja sam u isto vrijeme wap yang menjana 56,600 kuda kuda i član maksimalno 25 čvorova (46 km/h 29 mph). Ianya adalah antara kapal perang utama yang tercanggih dan terpantas ketika itu, i boleh memuatkan 1.217 anak kapal.

Dalam klip filem simpanan Imperial War Museums (IWM) tersebut, kita dapat melihat HMS Malaya semasa ianya sedang bertugas di perairan North Sea iaitu sebelum Pertempuran Jutland sekitar penghujung bulan Mei 1916. Kemungkinan besar filem tersebut di ambil dal kap kap Bojna eskadrila. Dalam pertempuran tersebut HMS Malaya mengalami kerosakan teruk akibat terkena 8 bedilan pihak Jerman, di mana 63 dari anak kapalnya telah terkorban. Serpihan peluru meriam Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya telah dihadiahkan kepada FMS pada tahun 1916. Lihat Gambar 4 yang menunjukkan serpihan dari bedilan pihak Jerman tersebut.


Gambar 4: Serpihan peluru 12-inčni pihak Jerman yang menembusi HMS Malaya semasa Pertempuran Jutland, 31.5.1916 (Sumber: BattleshipCrusiers.co.uk)

Gambar 5: HMS Malaya sekitar pelabuhan New York setelah selesai kerja-kerja membaik-pulih, 9.7.1941.
Sumber: Carski ratni muzeji.

Apa yang menarik, selain dari sumbangan wang, FMS juga telah memberikan loceng-loceng kegunaan HMS Malaya. Peristiwa ini berlaku sekitar Ogos 1916 di mana beberapa buah loceng yang dibiayai dana kutipan derma dari pegawai kerajaan dan penduduk FMS telah dihadiahkan kepada HMS Malaya. Upacara penyerahan loceng dihadiri oleh Sir Woodford Ernest Birch, Admiral Sir John Jellicoe i kontraadmiral Hugh Evan-Thomas. Dari laporan akhbar 'Malaya Tribune' bertarikh 24.7.1916, logam bagi membentuk loceng dicairkan kedalam acuan pada 15.5.1916 o Mears & amp Stainback na Whitechapel Road, London. Loceng utama seberat 192 lbs (87,1 kg) diperbuat dari campuran tembaga (16 bahagian) dan timah (4 1/2 bahagian), manakala bahagian dalam iaitu pemukul loceng (bell clapper) diperbuat dari besi dan mempunyai berat 8 lbs (3,6 kg). Berat keseluruhan loceng utama adalah 200 lbs (90,7 kg). Menurut laporan akhbar yang sama, loceng utama tersebut tertera dengan perkataan berikut:

Melalui acuan yang disediakan, jata FMS dibentuk di bahagian belakang loceng dengan slogan dalam tulisan Jawi iaitu 'Di Pelihara Allah'. Di bawahnya pula tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham seperti berikut:-

Di bahagian belakangnya tertera slogan yang digubah Sir Frank Swettenham iaitu "Bunyi Genta Kapal Ini Besarkan Hati Orang Berani" bersama terjemahan di dalam Bahasa Inggeris iaitu "The Sound Of This Ship's Bell Fires The Hearts Of Brave Men".

Setelah tamat Perang Dunia Kedua, salah sebuah dari loceng HMS Malaya telah dipulangkan oleh British ke Tanah Melayu (Gambar 6). Dari inskripsi yang tertera, saya berpendapat ia mungkin salah satu dari loceng kecil yang bersalut perak dan bukannya loceng utama HMS Malaya.

Gambar 6: Salah satu dari 5 loceng HMS Malaya yang dihadiahkan oleh pegawai & amp penduduk FMS (Sumber: NST Press)

Izbornik je rekord upakovao dan prije 12.9.1947, koji se nalazi u Viktorijinoj instituciji, ali nije dopušteno koristiti HMS Malaya tersebut. Ianya kemudian dipindahkan ke Pusat Hidrografi Nacionalional di Pulau Indah pada bulan Ogos 2007 untuk disatukan dengan bendera FMS asal yang dikibarkan di atas HMS Malaya. Bendera asal HMS Malaya tersebut telah dijumpai oleh Sultan Selangor, iaitu Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, semasa ekspedisi pelayaran solo baginda mengelilingi dunia.

Walaupun bernama Malaya, hanya sekali sahaja kapal ini tiba di Tanah Melayu iaitu pada tahun 1921. Ini berlaku semasa ia membawa rombongan Duke of Connaught untuk melawat jajahan takluk dan sekutu britanski termasuk FMS di mana ia telah singgah selama satu bula ia.1 17.2.1921. Pelabuhan-pelabuhan yang dilawati adalah Port Swettenham, Singapura, Melaka, Port Dickson i Pulau Pinang. Walaupun singkat, lawatan HMS Malaya ke FMS i Negeri-Negeri Selat tersebut menjadi pemangkin kepada dua acara perlawanan sukan tahunan yang masih berterusan sehingga kini iaitu dalam acara bolasepak dan ragbi. Piala "HMS Malaya Cup" bagi sukan bolasepak yang bermula pada tahun 1921 kini dikenali sebagai Malaysia Cup atau Piala Malaysia. Manakala piala acara sukan ragbi masih dikenali dengan nama "HMS Malaya Cup".


HMS MALAYA

Jedan od četiri kraljica Elizabeth bojni brodovi klase u Jutlandu koji služe pod zapovjedništvom viceadmirala Sir Davida Beattyja Malajski bila je teško oštećena u bitci, ali je «dala sve od sebe».

Siluete pet snažnih topova od 15 inča kraljica Elizabeth bojni brodovi klase, od kojih su se četiri borila na Jutlandu (privatna zbirka)

Prigodni nadgrobni spomenik do MalajskiPao u Jutlandu na pomorskom groblju Lyness (privatna zbirka)

Nisu svi Malajini mrtvi pokopani na kopnu. Zapravo, jedna od najuzbudljivijih fotografija koje imam o Jutlandu je pokop na moru iz Malaje nakon što je poslan signal Jellicoe, priznao i pristao na:

“5. bojna tržnica za Jellicoe - Dopuštenje za Barham & amp Malaya da preda KIA -i u dubinu. Odgovor: Odobreno ”.


HMS Malaya - Povijest

POVIJEST USLUGA KRALJEVSKIH MORAČKIH RATOVA u 2. SVJETSKOM RATU
autor poručnik Geoffrey B Mason RN (Rtd) (c) 2003

HMS MALAYA - borbeni brod klase kraljice Elizabete od 15 inča
uključujući pokrete pratnje konvoja

Uredio Gordon Smith, Naval-History.Net dodatni materijal i pojačalo uredio Mike Simmonds

Bojni brod klase QUEEN ELIZABETH naručen od Armstrongsa 1913. godine i postavljen 20. listopada iste godine. Troškove ovog broda, koji se navode kao 2,945,709, podmirile su savezne malezijske države. Brod je porinut 18. ožujka 1915. kao prvi brod RN koji je nosio to ime, a njezina je izgradnja dovršena 1. veljače 1916. godine. Tijekom Prvog svjetskog rata sudjelovala je u bitci za Jutland 31. svibnja 1916.

B a t t l e H o n o u r s

JUTLAND 1916 - ATLANTIC 1940-41 - KALABRIJA 1940 - MEDITERAN 1940-41 - MALTA KONVOJ 1941-42 - ENGLESKI KANAL 1944.

Značka: Na poljskoj crvenoj boji, Tigrovo prolazno zlato koje drži pravilan malajski Kris.

Malem Fero Malis: 'Ja donosim zlo u zlo.'

D e t a i l s o f W a r S e r v i c e

Rujna Raspoređen sa Sredozemnom flotom u Aleksandriji u sklopu 1. bojne eskadrile s

Bojni brodovi HM WARSPITE i BARHAM.

11. otplovio iz Aleksandrije za izvođenje vježbi naoružanja u društvu s bojnim brodovima HM

WARSPITE i BARHAM, HM Cruisers DEVONSHIRE, SUSSEX, ARETHUSA i

PENELOPE i HM razarači AFRIDI, GURKHA, MOHAWK i SIKH. Navečer

MALAYA i PENELOPE vratili su se u Aleksandriju.

Nominiran za transfer do Indijskog oceana s nosačem aviona HM SLAVNO za

obrana konvoja i presretanje napadača.

9. otplovio iz Aleksandrije za izvođenje vježbi u društvu s bojnim brodovima HM WARSPITE

i BARHAM, HM nosač aviona SLAVNO, HM Cruiser PENELOPE i HM

Razarači BULLDOG, DAINTY, DARING, DUNCAN, GALLANT, GIPSY i

GRAFTON. Na kraju vježbi MALAYA, SLAVNI, BULLDOG i DARING

Provedene akcije protiv napadača iz Adena.

Studeni Kontinuirane ophodnje protiv napadača, osobito za njemački Panzerschiff ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE off

10. isplovio iz Adena sa SLAVNIM i BULLDOGOM kako bi izveo patrolu protiv napadača u Zaljevu

16. Na moru su im se pridružili HM Battleship RAMILLIES i HM Destroyer DELIGHT.

18. u Adenu s RAMILLIES, GLORIOUS, BULLDOG, DARING i DELIGHT, gdje su bili

(Napomena: 15/11/39 ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE potopila je britanskog trgovca SS Africa

Granatirala je Lorenca Marquesa i 16/11/39 zapadno od Durbana zaustavila je nizozemskog trgovca

MV Mapia. Kad je CinC East Indies primio ovu vijest, odmah je započeo lov

grupe za traženje napadača u Indijskom oceanu, a Force J je jedan od njih. Međutim sljedeće

presretanjem Mapije, GRAF SPEE se vratio natrag u Atlantik)

Snaga J nastavila je ophodnje protiv napadača u Adenskom zaljevu.

Prosinca Nominiran za službu na Atlantiku.

8. isplovio iz Adena u pratnji HM Destroyers HMAS VENDETTA i WATERHEN.

21. isplovio s Malte u pratnji HM Destroyers DELIGHT, DIANA i WATCHMAN.

24. Stigla na Gibraltar, gdje je natočila gorivo. Otplovio je kasnije istog dana za Halifax u pratnji

26. SATAR se odvojio i vratio na Gibraltar.

Raspoređen za obranu atlantskog konvoja.

14. isplovio iz Halifaxa i pridružio se HM Destroyersu HMCS OTTAWA i SAGUENAY

Ostali su 15. HMCS OTTAWA i SAGUENAY odvojeni od konvoja HX 16 i MALAYA

23. odvojen od konvoja HX 16

30. isplovio iz Halifaxa u društvu s HM bojnim brodom VALIANT, HM Cruiser

PODUZEĆE, HM Destroyers HUNTER, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE

i ST LAURENT u pratnji konvoja kanadskih trupa TC3 koji dovodi kanadske trupe u

Ujedinjeno Kraljevstvo. (Napomena: Konvoj se sastojao od brodova AQUITANIA, EMPRESS OF BRITAIN,

Poljska CHOBRY, MONARH BERMUDSKI i CARSTVO AUSTRALIJE.)

1. LOVAC, HMCS FRASER, OTTAWA, RESTIGOUCHE i ST LAURENT odvojeni

4. PODUZEĆE odvojeno od konvoja TC3.

5. U 0825 sati, 650 milja zapadno od Malin Head HM Destroyers DARING, DIANA, FAME,

FAULKNOR, STRAŠNO, VOŽNJAK, PREDVIĐANJE, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY,

KELVIN, KINGSTON pridružio se konvoju TC3.

7. Stigao u Clyde s TC3 i odvojio se

27. Isplovio iz Clydea s ukrcanim zlatnim polugama za transfer u Kanadu u društvu s

Naoružani trgovački krstaš ASCANIA u pratnji HM Destroyers FAME, FAULKNOR,

4. stigao u Halifax. Po dolasku raspoređen sa pratećim snagama Halifaxa za atlantski konvoj

10. otplovio iz Halifaxa i pridružio se HM Destroyersu HMCS SAGUENAY i SKEENA

11. SAGUENAY i SKEENA odvojeni od konvoja HX 26 i MALAYA su ostali

22. Odvojio se od HX 26 i vratio se u Halifax.

Nominiran za transfer na Mediteran

3. isplovio iz Halifaxa u pratnji HM Destroyera HMCS ST LAURENT. U 1800 sati je trajalo

uz pratnju konvoja HX 32 iz HM Destroyers HMCS RESTIGOUCHE i

SAGUENAY. RESTIGOUCHE, SAGUENAY i ST LAURENT se zatim odvajaju od HX 32.

14. Odvojen od HX 32 za Gibraltar.

19. stigao na Gibraltar.

28. U 1600 sati isplovio je s Gibraltara prema Aleksandriji u društvu s HM bojnim brodom ROYAL

SOVEREIGN u pratnji HM Destroyers -a VELOX, WATCHMAN i HMAS VENDETTA i

29. izvan Alžira pridružila im se francuska borbena skupina od 3 bojna broda, 4 krstarica i 3

30. Off Bizerte, HM Destroyers pridružili su se HMAS STUART i VAMPIRE. Kasnije na Sicilijanskom kanalu HM

Pridružili su se krstaš ORION i HM Destroyers DECOY i DEFENDER.

1. Off Malta VELOX i SATCHMAN odvojeni.

3. U 1820 sati stigao je u Aleksandriju.

Raspoređen s bojnim brodom HM ROYAL SOVEREIGN kako bi se osiguralo pokriće za prolaz

konvoja u istočnom Sredozemlju.

Pridružio se 1. borbenoj eskadrili i rasporedio se s flotom za obranu konvoja i ofenzivu

operacije protiv neprijateljske plovidbe u istočnom Mediteranu.

(Napomena: Tijekom tog razdoblja jedinice Mediteranske flote izvele su opsežne vježbe

u iščekivanju izbijanja neprijateljstava s Italijom. Italija je objavila rat u 0001 sati

12. U 02:30 sati isplovio je iz Aleksandrije u društvu s HM bojnim brodom WARSPITE, nosačem zrakoplova HM

EAGLE prikazali HM Destroyers DAINTY, HASTY, ILEX, JANUS, JUNO, NUBIAN i HMAS

STUART, VAMPIRE i VOYAGER provesti zamah prema zapadu duž afričke obale.

U 0840 sati HM Cruiser CALEDON pridružio se floti na moru.

U 1325 sati HM Cruiser CALYPSO pridružio se floti na moru, a HM Destroyer MOHAWK kasnije.

U 1840 sati HM Destroyers HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION i IMPERIAL

U 1953 sati HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE i VOYAGER odvojili su se od flote. Kasnije HM

Razarač DIAMOND pridružio se floti.

14. Povratak u Aleksandriju.

Četvrti je sudjelovao u pregovorima s Francuskom flotom nakon kapitulacije Francuske.

(Operacija KATAPULT - Pogledajte ODBITNE NEPRIJATELJE W Tutea).

7. U 23:30 sati isplovio je iz Aleksandrije u društvu s HM bojnim brodom ROYAL SOVEREIGN, HM

Nosač zrakoplova EAGLE pregledali HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, HASTY, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JUNO i HMAS VAMPIRE i VOYAGER kao Force C za pokriće za tranzit dva

konvoji (MF1/brzi 13 čvor i MS1/spori 9 čvorova) s Malte (operacija MA5)

(Napomena: Ovo je bilo ponavljanje operacije MA3 koja je otkazana 28. lipnja zbog angažmana s

Talijanski razarači. Pogledajte sljedeće reference.)

8. Tijekom dana flota je bila pod zračnim napadima od ukupno 126 bombardera visoke razine. U jednom napadu vatra

kontrolni kabeli su skoro oštećeni i popravljeni.

U 1600 sati krstarica GLOUCESTER primila je izravan pogodak na svoj most.

U 1515 sati Sunderland je izvijestio o talijanskoj floti od 2 bojna broda, 6 krstarica i 7 razarača, 100

miljama sjeverozapadno od Benghazija, ploveći sjeverno. Po primitku izvješća, Mediteranska flota se promijenila

naravno u pokušaju odsjecanja Talijana iz njihove baze u Tarantu.

9. U 1515 sati izvan Punta Stila dvije su se flote ugledale. EAGLE, pokriven GLOUCESTER -om,

bio odvojen, a bojni brodovi sa svojim ekranima razarača radili su punom parom kako bi se uključili

Talijanska flota. U 1552 sata 30 milja zapadno od Punta Stilo WARSPITE i talijanskog bojnog broda GIULIO

CESARE je otvorio vatru jedni na druge i tako je započela bitka za Kalabriju. Dva puta tijekom akcije,

WARSPITE je promijenio kurs kako bi sporiji MALAYA stigao korak. U 1554 sati MALAYA

otvorila vatru, ali njezini su hici bili kratki 2700 metara i prekinula je vatru u 1558 sati. Neprijateljski brodovi

brzo se povukao nakon kratke razmjene vatre.

(Napomena: Neprijateljski brodovi se nisu mogli zatvoriti zbog nedostatka brzine.)

(Pojedinosti o operacijama tijekom 1940.-43. Potražite u VEĆE ANGAŽIRAJTE NEPRIJATELJA

OBLIČNO C. Barnett, BITKA ZA MEDITERAN D. D. MacIntyre

MORSKI RAT U MEDITERANU J Greenea i A Massignanija i

Povijest pomorskog osoblja (HMSO-2001)

(U svom izvještaju nakon bitke admiral Mediteranske flote CinC-a Cunningham je to napisao nakon što je vidio

nedostaci MALAYE i KRALJEVSKOG SUVERENA u pogledu brzine i glavnog naoružanja

domet nije vjerovao da može postići svoj strateški cilj s kojim se odlučno nosi

talijanska flota bez pojačanja moderniziranim bojnim brodovima)

10. U 08:30 sati, EAGLE je izletio iz udarne snage protiv brodarstva na cestama Augusta.

U 20:30 sati izvan Malte, KRALJEVSKI SUVEREN i prateći razarači odvojeni su za punjenje gorivom u

Malta. MALAYA, EAGLE i prateći razarači nastavili su prema jugu Malte čekajući

11. U 1000 sati, ROYAL SOVEREIGN i prateći razarači ponovno su se pridružili, nakon čega je

kombinirane snage koje se sastoje od MALAYE, KRALJEVSKOG SUVERENA, ORALA, GLOUCESTERA, DAINTY -a,

BRANITELJ, ŽURAK, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, HYPERION i ILEX postavili su kurs za Aleksandriju

pokrivajući konvoj MS1 (MS1 je isplovio s Malte rano 10/7/40)

15. U 09:00 sati stigao u Aleksandriju.

19. U 1230 sati isplovio je iz Aleksandrije u društvu s HM Battleship RAMILLIES s EAGLE -om i

pratnju razarača. Njihova je misija bila da se kreću prema zapadu uz obalu u potrazi za oštećenima

Talijanski krstaš GIOVANNI DELLE BANDE NERE (Oštećen ranije tijekom dana u angažmanu s

HMAS SYDNEY kod rta Spada) i vjerovalo se da radi za Tobruk.

20. U blizini Tobruka, EAGLE je izveo zračni napad koji nije uspio locirati kruzer, ali je potonuo dva Talijana

21. stigao natrag u Aleksandriju.

27. 0300 sati isplovio je iz Aleksandrije u društvu s bojnim brodovima HM WARSPITE i RAMILLIES, HM

Nosač zrakoplova EAGLE u pratnji HM Destroyers -a DECOY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

IMPERIAL, JERVIS, JUNO, NUBIAN i MOHAWK za pokrivanje prolaska konvoja AS2/1. Južno od

Floti na Kreti pridružili su se HM Cruisers NEPTUNE i HMAS SYDNEY.

28. Flota podijeljena. Južno od konvoja Kithera tjesnac AS2/1 u pratnji HM Cruisers CAPETOWN

i LIVERPOOL i HM Destroyers DAINTY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND i HMAS STUART bili su

upoznala pokrivna sila MALAYA, RAMILLIES, EAGLE, HEREWARD, HERO, JERVIS, JUNO,

30. stigao natrag u Aleksandriju.

31. 1420 sati isplovio je iz Aleksandrije u društvu s HM bojnim brodom RAMILLIES, nosačem zrakoplova HM

EAGLE u pratnji razarača HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HOSTILE, ILEX, IMPERIAL, JERVIS

i HMAS VENDETTA za obavljanje naoružanja. Nakon toga su označeni kao snaga B

za operaciju HURRY i trebali su ploviti prema zapadu prema otoku Gavdo. Međutim kad MALAYA

razvila probleme sa slanom vodom u svojim kondenzatorima cijela se Sila vratila u Aleksandriju.

2. Došao natrag u Aleksandriju.

16. 1030 sati plovilo je iz Aleksandrije u društvu s bojnim brodovima HM WARSPITE i RAMILLIES, HM

Krstarica KENT u pratnji Destroyers DIAMOND, HEREWARD, HOSTILE, MOWARK, NUBIAN

i HMAS STUART, VENDETTA i WATERHEN te nastavili prema zapadu operacijom MB2.

Nakon plovidbe flota je organizirana u dvije snage. Sila B se sastojala od MALAYA, RAMILLIES,

HEREWARD, HEROJ, JUNO, STUART, VENDETTA i WATERHEN.

17. Između 0658 i 0720 sati flota je bombardirala Bardiju i utvrdu Capuzzo (operacija MB2).

(Napomena: Ispaljeno je 62 metaka od 15 inča i 104 metaka od 6 inča.)

18. Pod neučinkovitim zračnim napadima Savoia-Marchetti S.M.79, od kojih je 12 flota oborila, tijekom

povratni prolaz u Aleksandriju.

30. u 04:45 sati isplovio iz Aleksandrije u društvu s HM bojnim brodom WARSPITE, nosačem zrakoplova HM

EAGLE, HM Cruisers ORION i HMAS SYDNEY u pratnji HM Destroyers -a DECOY, DEFENDER,

HEREWARD, IMPERIAL, HMAS STUART, VAMPIRE, VENDETTA i VOYAGER i poljski ORP

GARLAND na operaciji HATS/MB3. Flota je plovila prema Tarantskom zaljevu. (Cilj je

Operacija HATS trebala je pokriti prolaz pojačanja za Sredozemnu flotu i konvoj

MF2 za Maltu. Konvoj MF2 slabo su ispratili 4 razarača kako bi djelovali kao mamac za pozivanje napada

31. Rano ujutro floti su se pridružili HM Cruisers KENT, GLOUCESTER, LIVERPOOL i

HM Destroyers HASTY, HYPERION i ILEX, vraćaju se s zaleđa južnog Egeja. Na

dosegnuvši točku otprilike 100 milja zapadno od rta Matapan, flota se okrenula prema jugu.

U 1554 sati KENT, GLOUCESTER i LIVERPOOL odvojili su se od flote kako bi se pridružili konvoju MF2.

U 1700 sati, kada je Mediteranska flota bila oko 150 milja zapadno od Krete, Talijanska flota

(4 bojna broda, 14 krstarica i 39 razarača koji su isplovili iz Taranta u 0600/31/8/40)

samo 120 milja sjeverozapadno od njihovog položaja što čini djelovanje Flote vrlo vjerojatnim. Međutim u tom trenutku

Talijansko vrhovno zapovjedništvo, koje je znalo za konvoj, ali ne i za prisutnost Sredozemne flote,

naredio talijanskoj floti da se vrati u bazu.

U 1815 sati flota je skrenula na zapad u smjeru prema Malti, a DECOY je odvojen da se pridruži

1. U 09:00 sati zapadno od Malte Sredozemna flota R/Ved sa snagama F s Gibraltara i skrenula

snagom F prema Malti.

U 1657 sati istočno od Malte Flota se podijelila za operaciju MB3 (operacija napada na Talijan

instalacije u južnom Dodekanezu). Sila E se sastojala od MALAYA, EAGLE, COVENTRY,

DAINTY, DIAMOND, JANUS, JUNO, VAMPIRE i VENDETTA.

3. Zapadno od Krete Flota je ponovno podijeljena i MALAYA, EAGLE, DAINTY, DIAMOND,

VAMPIRE, VENDETTA i WRYNECK nastavili su izravno do Aleksandrije.

4. U 21:00 sati stigao u Aleksandriju.

8. otplovio iz Aleksandrije u društvu s HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HMS EAGLE, HMS RAMILLIES, HMS

VALIANT, HMS WARSPITE, HM Cruisers AJAX, GLOUCESTER, ORION, YORK, HMAS SYDNEY

ekranizirali HM Destroyers HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, IMPERIAL,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO i NUBIAN pružit će udaljenu zaštitu za prolaz Malta konvoja MF3 iz

Egipat i konvoj ME4 s Malte, te konvoj AS4 iz Grčke i zračni napad na Leros

9. U 0254 sati floti su se na moru pridružili HM Cruiser LIVERPOOL i HM Destroyer DIAMOND.

10. U 1715 sati RAMILLIES, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX i NUBIAN odvojeni

iz flote za opskrbu gorivom na Malti. U intervalima tijekom dana i tijekom 11. različite jedinice

Flota odvojena za opskrbu gorivom na Malti.

11. U 1105 sati IMPERIAL je miniran i teško oštećen. Na Maltu ju je dovukao DECOY.

U 1600 sati konvoj MF3 stigao je na Maltu u društvu ORION -a, STUART -a i VENDETTA -e. Na

ovaj put glavno tijelo Mediteranske flote bilo je 100 milja jugoistočno od Malte, gdje se nalazilo

uočio i izvijestio talijanski civilni zrakoplov.

U 22:45 sati konvoj ME4, koji je uključivao HM River Gunboat APHIS, isplovio je s Malte u pratnji

HM Cruisers CALCUTTA i COVENTRY i HM Destroyers WRYNECK i HMAS WATERHEN.

Kasno navečer nakon povratka svih napunjenih jedinica, flota je krenula prema Aleksandriji.

(Sjeveroistočno od Malte i pozicionirani u očekivanju da će konvoj isploviti s Malte bila su 4.

Talijanski razarači, 3 torpedna čamca i 4 broda MAS)

12. Tijekom povratnog prolaska u Aleksandriju, u 02:00 sati, flota je bila 125 milja zapadno od Malte, a oko

70 milja sjeverno od konvoja. Tri talijanska torpedna čamca lansirala su torpeda protiv AJAX -a

najsjevernija jedinica Flote, koje su sve propustile. AJAX je, nakon početne zabune, otvorio vatru na 4000

jardi, potonuće ARIEL i ARIONE. Zauzvrat je AJAX primio 3 pogotka od AIRONE -a. (AJAX je bio

opremljen radarom tipa 279 koji je bio skup za zračnu potragu velikog dometa i od male koristi na površini

angažman). Odmah su u pomoć torpednim čamcima priskočila četiri talijanska razarača i u 0230

sati ARTIGLIERE je izveo torpedni napad koji je AJAX izbjegao. AJAX je uspio oštetiti

AVIERE i teško oštetiti ARTIGLIERE. Zauzvrat ARTIGLIERE je pogodio AJAX -a 4 puta, stavljajući je

radar je isključen i oštećuje dvostruki 4 -inčni nosač. U vrijeme drugog angažmana Mjesec

postavljen, a nedostatak praha bez bljeskalice uzrokovao je probleme AJAX -ovim topnicima. Kad u 0235 sati

talijanski razarači povukli su se iza dimne zavese AJAX je prekinuo akciju od kapetana.

McCarthy je vjerovao da je djelovao protiv 4 razarača i 2 krstarica.

(Ta akcija je Talijanima poznata kao bitka kod rta Passero)

Pucnjava je privukla i druge kruzere Sredozemne flote, ali oni su stigli prekasno

13. U zoru je uočen oštećeni ARTIGLIERE pod vučom razarača CAMICIA NERE 107

miljama zapadno od Malte pokraj Sunderlanda. Izvješće o viđenju rezultiralo je zračnim napadom Sabljarke

od ILUZITORNOG, bez rezultata. YORK, AJAX i 4 razarača poslani su iz flote

i stigli na položaj u 09:00 sati. CAMICIA NERE skliznula je i povukla se, a YORK

U 11:00 sati jugoistočno od otoka Gavdos konvoju ME4 pridružio se konvoj AS4 koji je

U večernjim satima Flota se podijelila i ILUZITORNI, GLOUCESTER, JETROVAN, HAVOCK,

HEREWARD, HERO i NUBIAN uputili su se u Egejsko more.

14. Rano ujutro Riba Mač iz ILUSTRIOUSA izvela je zračni napad na uzletište na Otoku

At 0840 hours the ILLUSTRIOUS Force rejoined the main body of the Fleet and the combined Fleet

set course for Alexandria.

In the evening the Fleet came under air attack and at 1845 hours 70 miles SE of Crete, LIVERPOOL

sustained an aerial torpedo hit in the starboard bow, delivered by an Italian torpedo aircraft. At 1920

hours the petrol storage compartment exploded, blowing the roof off A turret the port gun fell into

the sea and a fire was started. DECOY and HEREWARD stood by.

At 2230 hours ORION took her in tow backwards at 9.5 knots towards Alexandria escorted by

DAINTY, DECOY, DIAMOND and VAMPIRE.

15th At 0100 hours the Mediterranean Fleet arrived back at Alexandria.

25th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM Cruiser COVENTRY , escorted

by HM Destroyers JANUS, MOHAWK, WRYNECK and HMAS VAMPIRE and VOYAGER on

Operation MAQ2 (covering a Port Said to Piraeus convoy AN5 and carry out an

air attack on Rhodes in the Dodecanese)

26th The Fleet sailed to the southern end of the Kasos Strait.

27th Swordfish from EAGLE carried out an air strike on the airfield at Maritza on the Island of Rhodes.

28th Arrived back at Alexandria.

29th At 0130 hours sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE, VALIANT and

RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and EAGLE escorted by destroyers DAINTY,

DECOY, DEFENDER, DIAMOND, HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX,

JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO, MOHAWK and NUBIAN. The Fleet sailed for the west of Crete on Operation

CHURCH. (Following Italy s attack on Greece on 28/10/40 the Greek Government invited Britain to set

up a base at Suda Bay on the north coast of Crete. Operation CHURCH was the operation

covering the military convoys carrying personnel and stores to Suda Bay)

Late in the evening south of Crete HM Cruisers YORK , GLOUCESTER, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY

30th The Fleet continued to sail north west and at 2000 hours, was 126 miles west of Cape Matapan.

31st At 1630 hours 75 miles west south west of Cape Matapan WARSPITE, ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK ,

GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HEREWARD, HERO, ILEX and JERVIS detached from the Fleet and

proceeded towards Alexandria. The rest of the Fleet remained cruising to the west of Crete .

2nd Arrived back at Alexandria.

6th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleships WARSPITE ,VALIANT and RAMILLIES,

HMS ILLUSTRIOUS, HM Cruisers YORK and GLOUCESTER, destroyers DECOY, DEFENDER,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HEREWARD, HERO, HYPERION, ILEX, JANUS, JERVIS, JUNO and MOHAWK

on Operation MB8 and Operation COAT. Later joined by HM Cruisers AJAX and HMAS SYDNEY

(Operation MB8 was to provide cover for the passage of Convoy MW3 [sailed from Alexandria on

5/11/40] to Malta and Convoy AN6 [from Port Said on 4/11/40] to the Aegean. Operation Coat was

the passage of reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet).

7th Covered the passage of convoy AN6 and MW3. The two convoys proceeded together from

off Alexandria towards west Crete. (Operation MB8).

9th In the evening RAMILLIES, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX detached for Malta to refuel.

10th The Mediterranean Fleet cruised to the south east of Malta.

At 1015 hours Force F, comprising HM Battleship BARHAM, HM Cruisers BERWICK and GLASGOW

and HM Destroyers GALLANT, GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN , and preceeded by HM Destroyers

FAULKNOR, FORTUNE and FURY acting as minesweepers, R/Ved with the Mediterranean Fleet.

Force F (The reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet, Operation COAT) entered Valletta harbour to

disembark their troops and supplies and the 3 F-class destroyers to refuel.

At 1330 hours convoy ME3, which included HM Monitor TERROR, sailed from Malta, escorted by

RAMILLIES, COVENTRY, DECOY, DEFENDER and HMAS VENDETTA.

After disembarking their troops and supplies BARHAM, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GALLANT,

GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN sailed from Malta and joined the Mediterranean Fleet sailing east.

11th Covered passage of convoy ME3 from Malta to Alexandria.

At 1310 hours AJAX, ORION, HMAS SYDNEY, MOHAWK and NUBIAN detached from the Fleet to

carry out a raid on Italian military convoys in the southern Adriatic.

At 1800 hours ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK , BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX detached from the Fleet to carry out Operation JUDGEMENT.

(Note: The successful air attack on Taranto (Operation JUDGEMENT) by aircraft from HMS

ILLUSTRIOUS during the night of 11/12th November was also covered as part of Operation COAT).

12th At dawn ILLUSTRIOUS, YORK, BERWICK, GLASGOW, GLOUCESTER, HASTY, HAVOCK,

HYPERION and ILEX rejoined the Fleet.

13th The Fleet and convoy ME3 arrived at Alexandria.

(Following the success of Operation JUDGEMENT it was decided RAMILLIES and MALAYA could

be released from the Mediterranean Fleet)

23rd Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Battleship RAMILLIES, HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE, HM

Cruisers AJAX, ORION and HMAS SYDNEY escorted by HM Destroyers DAINTY, DIAMOND,

HASTY, HAVOCK, HYPERION and ILEX, designated as Force C for Operation MB9 and Operation

(Operation MB9 was an operation to provide Fleet cover for Malta convoy MW4. Operation COLLAR

covered the passage of RAMILLIES, BERWICK and NEWCASTLE through the Mediterranean to

24th At 0800 hours Force C arrived at Suda Bay to refuel.

After refuelling, Force C sailed from Suda Bay. Off Suda Bay HM Cruiser BERWICK joined Force C,

which then sailed westward towards Malta .

26th At 0813 hours convoy MW4 arrived at Malta accompanied by MALAYA and RAMILLIES to refuel.

At 1200 hours MALAYA sailed from Malta to rejoin Force C.

30th Returned to Alexandria with HMS WARSPITE and HMS VALIANT covering passage

of newly joined cruisers HMS MANCHESTER, HMS SOUTHAMPTON and HM

Corvettes PEONY, SALVIA, GLOXINIA and HYACINTH.

16th Sailed from Alexandria in company with HM Destroyers DEFENDER and DIAMOND escorting Malta

supply convoy MW5A (Operation MC2).

20th At 0400 hours arrived at Malta in company with destroyers DEFENDER, DIAMOND, NUBIAN and

WRYNECK with mercantiles of MW5A.

21st At 1250 hours sailed from Malta screened by HM Destroyers HEREWARD, HYPERION and ILEX and

escorting convoy MG1 formed of SS CLAN FORBES and SS CLAN FRASER. They were joined by

HASTY and HERO. The force headed for the Sicilian Narrows, to R/V with Force H. The transfer of

MALAYA to Force H formed part of Operation HIDE.

22nd At 0156 hours 24 miles west of Cape Bon, HYPERION was torpedoed and seriously damaged by

Italian submarine SERPENTE. HMS ILEX was detached to assist HYPERION.

At 0940 hours joined ships of Force H (HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN,

HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD) for passage to Gibraltar with mercantiles of convoy MG1.

24th At 1000 hours arrived at Gibraltar for loan service in Force H.

7th At 0800 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier

ARK ROYAL and HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD screened by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR, FIREDRAKE,

FORESTER, FORTUNE, FOXHOUND, FURY and JAGUAR as Force H to cover the passage of

convoys to Malta and Piraeus, and transit of HM Cruiser BONAVENTURE with four Fleet destroyers,

DUNCAN, HASTY, HEREWARD and HERO, reinforcements for the Mediterranean Fleet at Alexandria

9th At 0930 hours HM Cruisers GLOUCESTER and SOUTHAMPTON and HM Destroyer ILEX joined from

the east to augment the convoy s close escort through the Skerki Channel and on to Malta.

At 1320 hours the Force came under high level attack by 10 Italian SM 79 aircraft, 8 aircraft attacked

MALAYA, all their bombs falling just ahead and causing no damage. Two of the attackers were shot

down by FAA Fulmars from ARK ROYAL.

At 2200 hours Force H reversed course and set course for Gibraltar .

11th At 1930 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

14th Dry-docked in No. 1 dock.

31st At 1300 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operations PICKET (air attack on Lake Omodeo Dam,

central Sardinia) and RESULT (the bombardment of Genoa). The Force was divided into 4 groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

Group 4: RFA ORANGELEAF escorted by HM Trawlers ARTIC RANGER and HAARLEM.

2nd At 0530 hours, 8 torpedo armed Swordfish took off from HMS ARK ROYAL to carry out an air strike

against the Santa Chiara d Ula dam on Lake Omodeo, central Sardinia (Operation PICKET). Due to the

bad weather only 4 aircraft reached the dam where they met an intense barrage. One aircraft was

(Note: Intended bombardment of Genoa (Operation RESULT) was cancelled due to bad weather.)

4th En route to Gibraltar all ships carried out a practice shoot. At 1800 hours Force H arrived back at

6th At 1615 hours Force H sailed from Gibraltar on Operation RESULT (The bombardment of Genoa ). The

Force was divided into three groups:

Group 1: HM Battleship MALAYA, HM Battlecruiser RENOWN, HM Aircraft Carrier ARK ROYAL

Group 2: HM Destroyers FEARLESS, FIREDRAKE, FORESIGHT, FOXHOUND, FURY and JERSEY.

Group 3: HM Destroyers DUNCAN, ENCOUNTER, ISIS and JUPITER.

9th At 0400 hours Ark Royal and 4 destroyers detached to carry out an air strike against the Azienda oil

Between 0715 and 0745 hours, 10 miles off the Italian coast, carried out bombardment of Genoa with

RENOWN and SHEFFIELD. The two Walrus aircraft from SHEFFIELD carried out fall of shot

opažanja. The three ships fired 273 rounds of 15in, 782 rounds of 6in and 400 rounds of 4.5in. The

result was 28 civil vessels sunk or damaged and harbour installations destroyed and damaged.

At 0845 hours the ARK ROYAL Force rejoined and Force H made at best speed, which at one point

was only 17 knots, the best MALAYA could make, for Gibraltar.

11th At 1430 hours Force H arrived back at Gibraltar.

On return to Gibraltar nominated for deployment in Atlantic to cover UK - Gibraltar convoys.

17th Sailed from Gibraltar to R/V with convoy WS6A.

19th Off the Azores joined military convoy WS6A as Ocean Escort, following which Force H detached and

28th At 0800 hours convoy WS6A was joined by HM Destroyers FAULKNOR and FORESTER.

At 1815 hours in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER detached from WS6A, proceeded ahead

1st At 1600 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, arrived at Freetown. They immediately

At 1705 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, sailed from Freetown to catch up

3rd At 1500 hours, in company with FAULKNOR and FORESTER, joined AMC CILICIA, HM Corvette

ASPHODEL and HM Trawlers KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN escorting convoy SL67.

4th KELT, SPANIARD and TURCOMAN detached from SL67.

7th German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU found convoy SL67, but on finding

MALAYA was part of the escort, they hauled off and made a R/V with U.124.

(Note: none of the escorts of SL67 observed the German ships)

At the meeting between the battlecruisers and U.124 a plan was drawn up for U.124 and U.105 to

attack SL67 and try to sink or damage MALAYA .

During the afternoon MALAYA refuelled FAULKNOR, FORESTER and ASPHODEL.

8th Between 0251 and 0256 hours, 5 merchants in the convoy were torpedoed and sunk by U.105 and

At 1330 hours 130 miles off Cape Blanco FORESTER, which was well to the west of the convoy, briefly

sighted SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU steaming towards the convoy. The German ships were also

sighted at the same time by MALAYA S patrolling Swordfish. Following the sightings MALAYA and

FAULKNOR hauled out of the convoy to join FORESTER, and to put themselves between the convoy

At 1645 hours MALAYA and SCHARNHORST sighted each other.

At 1648 hours SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU turned away and after a brief pursuit MALAYA (At

least 10 knots slower than the German ships) and her consorts returned to the convoy.

At 1900 hours they rejoined the convoy

10th At 1500 hours HM Battlecruiser REPULSE, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and Destroyers DUNCAN

and FOXHOUND took over the escort of the SL67, and MALAYA, FAULKNOR and FORESTER

12th Arrived at Gibraltar .

13th Sailed from Gibraltar escorted by HM Destroyer WISHART.

15th In company with WISHART joined AMC CANTON and HM Corvettes CALENDULA, CROCUS and

MARGUERITE escorting convoy SL68.

20th At 2323 hours 250 miles NNW of Cape Verde Islands, SL68 came under submarine attack. MALAYA

was hit by a torpedo from U.106. The hit the port side caused damage in the boiler room and the ship

had a 7 list. There were no casualties. MALAYA detached from SL68, escorted by CROCUS,

set course for Port of Spain, Trinidad.

23rd CROCUS detached and returned to Freetown.

29th Arrived at Port of Spain, Trinidad.where temporary repairs were carried out.

(For details see HITLER S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.)

On completion took passage to New York for repair.

6th Arrived at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, and taken in hand for repair. She was the first RN vessel to

be repaired/refitted in the USA in World War 2,

Preparation for installation of fire-control and air warning radar carried out.

Some of ship's company transferred to Ex US Coastguard Cutters being lent to the Royal Navy.

(First 4 Coastguard Cutters, BANFF , CULVER, FISHGUARD and HARTLAND were handed over on

30/4/41 and Captain A.F.E. Pallister DSO RN the CO of MALAYA accepted the cutters on behalf of the

May to July Under repair and refit in New York .

A and A work completed including fit of air warning Radar Type 281, Fire control radars Types 282 for

Close range armament, Type 284 for Main armament and Type 285 for HA armament.

. Eleven single 20mm Oerlikon guns were fitted for close range AA defence.

(For details of development and use of radar by RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse.)

(Note: One source records fitting of Radar Type 291 to provide warning of the approach of surface

ships, aircraft and land. This equipment was a Naval designed outfit intended to replace earlier RAF

equipment modified for shipboard use, Type 286. This was never satisfactory and replaced in 1943

by centimetric radar, Type 273. See below.)

September On completion prepared for operational service.

Four additional 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

Nominated for transfer to Force H

20th At 1030 hours sailed from Scapa Flow for the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers BEDOUIN and

At 1530 hours off Tiumpan Head HM Destroyers LAFOREY and LIGHTNING joined, and BEDOUIN

and PUNJABI detached and returned to Scapa Flow .

Off Stornoway LAFOREY detached and landed a sick crew member at Stornoway.

At 1700 hours LAFOREY sailed and rejoined MALAYA .

21st Arrived in the Clyde .

22nd Sailed from the Clyde escorted by LIGHTNING. En route HM Destroyers HAVELOCK and

24th 575 miles west of Ushant HM Destroyers SIKH and ZULU joined and HAVELOCK and HARVESTER

27th Arrived at Gibraltar with LIGHTNING, SIKH and ZULU. On entering Harbour she was in collision with

merchant ships MV HOEGH HOOD, 9356 tons and MV CLAN MACDONALD, 9656 tons, sustaining

slight damage to her forecastle.

November At Gibraltar, MALAYA became the Flagship of Force H.

(The CinC Force H, Admiral Sir James Somerville was most unhappy with MALAYA as his Flagship

which he believed to be most unsuitable)

10th At 0235 hours sailed from Gibraltar in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE to cover the delivery of

Hurricane aircraft by HMS ARK ROYAL and HMS ARGUS to Malta, screened by HM Destroyers

LAFOREY, LIGHTNING, SIKH, LEGION, ZULU, GURKHA and Dutch destroyer ISAAC SWEERS.

12th By 1100 hours, 37 Hurricanes had been flown off from ARK ROYAL and ARGUS, following

which the Force turned west and headed back to Gibraltar .

13th At 1541 hours, 30 miles from Gibraltar during the return passage under attack by U.81 which fired four

torpedoes. One hit HMS ARK ROYAL which sank on 14th when under tow to Gibraltar.

(See HITLERS U-BOAT WAR by C Blair and Naval Staff History.)

Escorted to Gibraltar by HM Destroyers SIKH, ZULU and ISAAC SWEERS, after HMS ARK ROYAL

At 1622 hours ZULU was detached to return to assist ARK ROYAL.

At 1830 hours arrived back at Gibraltar.

(On arrival at Gibraltar the CinC immediately transferred to SIKH and returned at high speed to the

December Deployed with Force H at Gibraltar for Atlantic trade defence

(Note: This ship was the only operational battleship in the Mediterranean as HMS QUEEN

ELIZABETH and HMS VALIANT had been disabled at Alexandria on 19/12/41 by frogmen.

Force H deployment in continuation.

14th The new CinC Force H, Rear Admiral E.N. Syfret raised his flag in MALAYA.

February Deployed in Atlantic for convoy defence.

8th Sailed from Gibraltar for the Clyde in company with HM Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, EXMOOR, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

(Force H were ordered to the UK because the Admiralty were aware that the German Battlecruisers

SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU, then at Brest , were preparing to sail and about to breakout into the

Atlantic. With troop convoy WS16, with over 45000 troops embarked, about to sail, Force H was to

provide escort in the North Atlantic)

13th Arrived in the Clyde .

17th At 0030 hours sailed from the Clyde in company with HM Aircraft Carriers EAGLE and FORMIDABLE

(Flying the Flag of the new CinC Eastern Fleet, Admiral Sir James Somerville), HM Cruiser HERMIONE,

HM Destroyers DUNCAN, LAFOREY and LIGHTNING.

At 0900 hours north west of Inishtrahull the three sections, Bristol Channel, Liverpool and Clyde,

of military convoy WS 16 formed up, escorted by HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY,

CROOME, FIREDRAKE, PANTHER, VERITY, WALKER AND WITHERINGTON. WS16 was then

joined by the MALAYA ocean escort Force.

20th During the morning ANTHONY detached with condenser problems.

At 1800 hours 480 miles north of Sao Miguel in the Azores, PANTHER detached to refuel at Ponta

21st During the morning CROOME detached for Gibraltar.

At 1330 hours the delayed SS STRATHAIRD escorted by HM Cruiser NEWCASTLE and PALADIN

At 1430 hours, detached from WS16 for Gibraltar in company with ACTIVE, BLANKNEY, DUNCAN ,

23rd Arrived back at Gibraltar and resumed duties with Force H.

27th At 0320 hours sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force H with HM Aircraft Carrier EAGLE and five

destroyers and sailed east towards Malta on Operation SPOTTER. At sea they were joined by HM

Cruiser HERMIONE, HM Aircraft Carrier ARGUS and their screen of 4 destroyers this section of Force

H had sailed from Gibraltar at 1830/26/2/42 and initially sailed west into the Atlantic . Razarači

screening the Force were ACTIVE, ANTHONY, BLANKNEY, CROOME, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING,

WHITEHALL and WISHART. (Operation SPOTTER was the delivery of Spitfire aircraft to Malta)

28th Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar .

6th Covered for repeat Malta aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with same ships

(Operation SPOTTER II). This operation delivered 15 Spitfires to Malta the first Spitfires to reach

21st Covered aircraft delivery by HMS ARGUS and HMS EAGLE with HMS HERMIONE and Fleet

destroyers of Force H (Operation PICKET I). Operation cancelled due to problems with aircrafts long

range fuel tanks and returned to Gibraltar.

27th Repeated aircraft delivery with same ships (Operation PICKET II). 16 Spitfires delivered.

30th Returned to Gibraltar .

Nominated for detached service in support of planned landings in Madagascar

1st Sailed from Gibraltar with HMS Cruiser HERMIONE, screened by HM Destroyers ACTIVE,

ANTHONY, LAFOREY, LIGHTNING and DUNCAN.

6th Arrived at Freetown a few hours behind convoy WS17.

9th Sailed from Freetown in company with HMS HERMIONE, and HM Destroyers ACTIVE, ANTHONY,

INCONSTANT, JAVELIN, LAFOREY, LOOKOUT, LIGHTNING, PACKENHAM as Ocean Escort for

military Convoy WS17A during passage to Capetown. At Freetown, convoy WS 17 had split into two,

WS17A and WS17B, which sailed on 11/4/42).

18th Off Capetown detached from WS17A and put into Capetown. She was ordered to return to Freetown .

Then took return passage to rejoin Force H at Gibraltar

Passage to Gibraltar and rejoined Force H on arrival.

Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H

11th Sailed from Gibraltar as part of Force W for escort of Malta relief convoy GM4 as far as Skerki Channel

in company with HMS EAGLE, HMS ARGUS, HM Cruisers KENYA, LIVERPOOL and CHARYBDIS,

screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, ICARUS, ONSLOW, ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WESTCOTT,

(This was Operation HARPOON - For details see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY by Corelli

Barnett, THE BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN by D. MacIntyre and Naval Staff History.)

(Note: This convoy had been designated WS19Z during passage to Gibraltar from UK.)

12th At 0800 hours to the east of Force W took up their covering position for the passage of convoy

GM4. The close escort of the convoy was provided by Force X.

14th At 1030 hours, south of Sardinia the convoy came under air attack from Italian CR42 fighter bombers,

which concentrated on ARGUS, and later by a combination of SM79 torpedo bombers and Z1007 high

level bombers. In this attack LIVERPOOL was torpedoed and taken under tow by ANTELOPE escorted

At 1820 hours the convoy came under attack from JU88 s. In this attack ARGUS was near missed by a

bomb exploding near her bow.

At 2000 hours, the convoy came under a combined attack from German and Italian aircraft.

At 2130 hours, Force W detached from GM4 at entrance to Sicilian Narrows and returned westwards to

await return of the close escort, after the arrival of the convoy in Malta.

16th Detached from Force W with HMS ARGUS, HM Destroyers ESCAPADE, VIDETTE, WISHART and

(Note: This was due to late departure from Malta of the close escort).

17th Arrived at Gibraltar with detached ships of Force W.

24th Sailed from Gibraltar screened by HM Destroyers ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART to R/V with

military convoy WS20, and provide cover during Atlantic passage from Clyde to Freetown.

26th At 0800 hours 120 miles east of Sao Miguel with ANTELOPE, VIDETTE and WISHART, joined HM

Destroyers BEAGLE, ST ALBANS , VIDETTE and WOLVERINE escorting convoy WS20, to provide

Shortly after joining, ANTELOPE, BEAGLE, VIDETTE, WISHART and WOLVERINE detached,

escorting troopship SS NARKUNDA for Gibraltar.

Later ST ALBANS detached to join convoy SL 113.

In the evening HM Destroyers BLACKMORE and BRILLIANT from Freetown, joined convoy WS20.

27th At 1215 hours 240 miles west of Madeira, a lookout on the Commodore s ship, SS STRATHEDEN,

sighted two vessels at extreme visibility. MALAYA launched her two Walrus aircraft and

BRILLIANT detached to investigate, but nothing was found.

28th At 0600 hours 180 miles west of the Canaries, Destroyer VIMY from Freetown joined convoy WS20.

1st At 0800 hours south of the Cape Verde Islands, HM Destroyers BOREAS, VELOX and WIVERN from

Freetown joined convoy WS20.

2nd At 1200 hours convoy WS20 and escort arrived at Freetown.

6th At 1100 hours convoy WS20 commenced to depart from Freetown escorted by HM Destroyers

BLACKMORE, BOREAS, BRILLIANT, VELOX and WIVERN. MALAYA sailed as Ocean Escort.

7th AT 1200 hours, BLACKMORE escorting the SS BATORY, detached from WS20 for Takoradi.

Later BLACKMORE re-joined, and BOREAS and VELOX detached for Freetown.

17th At 0800 hours 95 miles north west of Cape Columbine, HM Cruiser SHROPSHIRE joined WS 20 from

Simonstown and MALAYA escorted by BLACKMORE detached from WS20 with 11 mercantiles from

the convoy destined for Capetown into harbour.

Took passage to Gibraltar to rejoin Force H

August Deployed at Gibraltar with Force H.

Nominated for return to UK for refit.

September Passage to UK escorted by HM Destroyer LOOKOUT.

Under refit at HM Dockyard Rosyth.

Aircraft facilities removed and additional two 4in mountings fitted abreast

the catapult position (P & S). Surface warning radar Type 273 fitted.

(Note: Close range AA armament increased by addition of two multiple

pom pom guns on sponsons aft and two more 20mm Oerlikon guns.

January Worked up for service with Home Fleet. Two more 20mm Oerlikon guns fitted.

(At the end of January Admiral Donitz was appointed CinC of the German Navy. The change of CinC led

the Admiralty to prepare against the possibility of a more active policy by German surface ships to back

up the U-boat campaign. Therefore it was decided that MALAYA should be retained in the Atlantic

instead of being deployed to join the Eastern Fleet.)

February Deployed with Home Fleet for convoy defence in NW Approaches.

25th At 0300 hours sailed from the Clyde escorted by HM Destroyers QUEENBOROUGH and QUAIL to join

joint military convoy WS27/KMF10A as ocean escort. (WS27 was destined for the Middle East and

Convoy KMF10A for North Africa).

At 1000 hours the Clyde and Liverpool (escorted by HM Destroyer RAIDER) sections of the convoy

formed up 6 miles west of Orsay. There the convoy was joined by the ocean escort and the 44th EG of

EGRET, ERNE, FISHGUARD, CLARE and WOLVERINE from Londonderry .

1st At 1100 hours 70 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE detached for

At 1800 hours QUADRANT joined the escort.

2nd At 1100 hours 200 miles SW of Cape St Vincent, the convoy split. KMF10A detached for passage

into the Mediterranean. Remained with WS27 in company with QUADRANT, QUAIL and RAIDER.

3rd At 0800 hours 80 miles west of Cape Ghir, QUEENBROUGH and WOLVERINE rejoined.

5th At 1800 hours off Dakar, QUAIL, escorting SS ALMANZORA, detached for Dakar .

6th QUAIL, after escorting SS ALMANZORA rejoined WS27.

8th At 0930 hours MALAYA , as ocean escort, led WS27 into Freetown .

Passage from Freetown to rejoin Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.

26th Arrived at Scapa Flow and resumed Home Fleet service.

May to June Deployment at Scapa Flow in continuation.

7th Deployed with HM Battleship ANSON, US Navy battleships USS ALABAMA and USS SOUTH

DAKOTA, HM Aircraft Carrier FURIOUS and seven cruisers screened by eight RN and five USN

destroyers for diversionary operation off Norwegian coast.

(Operation CAMERA Convoy of miscellaneous ships was deployed to represent a possible assault

force on passage to Norway during the planned landings in Sicily.)

9th On completion of simulated approaches to coast. took passage to return to Scapa Flow.

27th Deployed with HMS ANSON, HM Aircraft Carriers ILLUSTRIOUS and UNICORN during air

operations as part of further diversionary operation off Norway.

29th Return passage to Scapa Flow .

(Note: Neither diversionary operation met concentrated air attacks since German aircraft based in

Norway had been used to reinforce defence against allied operations in the Mediterranean.)

August Paid off into Reserve at Faslane because of machinery state which limited

capability for Fleet operations.

September Reducing to Reserve status

Under refit, with 6in armament removed and 20 additional 20mm Oerlikons fitted.

Held in Reserve at Faslane on completion.

January Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

February Nominated for bombardment duty in support of operations in NW Europe.

Damaged whilst in use as target for 'bouncing bomb' trial in Loch Long.

Under refit. Radar Type 281 replaced by single aerial variant Type 281B.

Radar Type 273 replaced by modern Type 277, AA armament again increased by eight 20mm Oerlikon

guns to a total of 45. Radio Jamming equipment fitted as protection from attack by glider bombs which

had wireless guidance control.

22nd Re-commissioned for bombardment duty.

Took passage to Portsmouth

July Held in Reserve at Portsmouth for replacement of bombardment ship.

August Remained at Portsmouth.

1st Bombarded positions on Ile de Cezembre, off St. Malo.

Returned to Portsmouth on release from bombardment duties.

October Paid off into Reserve at Faslane.

January to April Remained in Reserve at Faslane.

May Nominated for duty as an accommodation and training ship.

15th Commissioned as HMS VERNON II at Portsmouth for Torpedo School duties.

(Note: Main armament and secondary armament with close range weapons

had been removed prior to this duty.)

June to August Duty as HMS VERNON II

HMS MALAYA was placed on the Disposal List in 1947 and sold to BISCO on 20th February 1948 . The ship arrived at Faslane in tow on 12th April that year to be broken up by Metal Industries.

CONVOY ESCORT MOVEMENTS of HMS MALAYA

These convoy lists have not been cross-checked with the text above


Razarači

Destroyers were the lightest warships to fight at Jutland. Versatile light warships, they were used for patrolling and raiding, as well as to screen battle fleets during major actions. Destroyers were the fastest class of warship, but were unarmoured and vulnerable to gun fire. Though carrying only small guns, their armament included torpedoes that could cripple or even sink big ships. Seventy-nine British destroyers took part in the Battle of Jutland and eight were sunk. From four of the sunken destroyers, 173 British sailors were rescued by the German navy and taken prisoner.

This is a model of the destroyer HMS Morski pas.

At Jutland, Morski pas was part of the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron, a force of three battlecruisers, the light cruisers Chester i Canterbury, and three other destroyers. Tijekom bitke, Morski pas became entangled in a close-range and chaotic fight between British and German. Morski pas was hit repeatedly. One shell destroyed the ship's bridge and steering gear and another disabled the ship's engines, leaving the ship adrift.

Dva od Morski pas's guns were knocked out, their crews killed. Leaving the shattered bridge, Morski pas's wounded captain, Commander Loftus Jones, helped man the only remaining gun. Firing on nearby German ships, Jones and his men hit the German destroyer V48, disabling the ship. As German destroyers closed in, Jones ordered his men to don lifebelts. Hit by a torpedo, Morski pas potonuo. Thirty of Shark's crew were able to board rafts, but many died of wounds or exposure, including Jones. Only six survived to be rescued by a neutral Danish steamer late at night.

Commander Jones' body washed ashore in Sweden a few days later. In 1917, in recognition of his leadership, Jones was awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross


HMS Malaya

Objavio / la autor Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 17:11

Quick question, what spotter planes was HMS Malaya carrying around March 1941? (The aircraft that spotted Scharnhorst & Gneisenau)

Re: HMS Malaya

Objavio / la autor mescal » 20 Apr 2009, 18:37

It was a Swordfish floatplane.

Re: HMS Malaya

Objavio / la autor Mark McShane » 20 Apr 2009, 20:36

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

Re: HMS Malaya

Objavio / la autor Andy H » 23 Apr 2009, 00:33

That was the first reference I read too about the incident. Have also read that it was a Walrus plane. Hence my confusion and the question.

The Fairey Swordfish was flown by Lt G R Brown (Pilot), Sub-Lt R G Drake (Observer) and R H George (Gunner).

After spotting the German ships and seeing them safely off, the convoy that the Malaya was protecting was attacked by several U Boats, and she was hit by 2 torps. The ship did not sink and made its way to NY. However the ship was unable to rcover its Swordfish so Brown ditched the plane. His SOS was picked up in Spain and he and his crew were picked up Cabo de Buena Esperanza. The Capt also salvaged the plane(!).

Source: The Swordfish Story by Ray Stutivant and published by Cassell 2000


HMS Malaya - History

When I was a small kid, I always playing with my friends near a jungle behind my house in Kota Bharu. I remember seeing some twisted metal with rivets on the ground. After many years I returned to the scene and was told by the old villagers nearby that the metal was a plane falling from the sky in Japanese occupation period. Then they told me there was another plane falling in flames and crashed near Kelantan river but I was told it was happened a few years after the war started. I felt so confused because most of the air battle of World War 2 In Malaya was fought only at the beginning of the. I drove to the village they mentioned and managed to find a witness (a Tok Imam), who confirmed that a few years after the war started, one day there was a Japanese twin engines plane falling from the sky trailing flames and black smokes. The pilot tried to ditch on Kelantan River but he hit a coconut tree and the plane exploded. The Japanese soldiers then came and took the bodies of two aircrews and cleared the wreckages.

I started to do my research on the air war at the latter (later) part of World War 2 in Malaya and find out that I totally missed out &lsquoThe Forgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo.

After the beginning of the World War 2 in December 1941, The Japanese fought the Allied from Malaya to Singapore with fighter and bomber like Oscar, Zero, Tojo, Betty, Nell, Sonia and the greatest success was the sinking of HMS Prince Of Wales and HMS Repulse in Kuantan water solely with the use of airpower on 10 Dec 1941. After the Japanese wining the air superiority in Malaya, they were flying at will to attack any target in Malaya and Singapore. The pilots and aircrews were best trained and they even created a &lsquobomber alley&rsquo between Singapore to Sumatra to sink many ships, which evacuated the refugees from Singapore.

The air activities slowed down after Singapore surrendered. The routine air activities were limited to patrolling and others minor air operations. The Strait of Malacca was actually a graveyard for Allied submarines because their air-search radar was blocked by the hills of Sumatra and Titiwangsa range. In one patrol, the USS Grenadier was badly damaged by few Japanese planes and the submarine have to be scuttled and the crews were taken Prisoner OF War in Light Street Convent, Penang.

I met up with some great local historians like Mr. Sager and Mr. Ahamd Shaharom and we worked to put back some missing puzzle of our Malaya history. Then I found out that even the famous Boeing B-29 bomber had come to bomb some targets in Malaya (including Singapore) in 1944 and 1945.

In 1998, an American visited Malaysia with his father diary and he contacted one of our team members Mr Sager Ahmad and told that his father bailed out from a B-29 bomber in Negeri Sembilan during World War 2. Mr. Sager met the son of the aircrew from the famous B-29 bomber &lsquoPostville Express&rsquo which crashed in Rembau and they visited the crash site together. Mr.Shaharom later took some pictures to put it in our website, Malaya Historical Group (MHG).

The mission which B-29 bombers carried out in Malaya and Singapore are as follows:

Other Aerial Missions
Beside the B-29 air war, most of the aircraft flew into Malaya were on secret agent dropping or clandestine mission,air-drop Force 136 commandos into the jungle of Malaya to pave the way for an effective guerilla counter-attack on the Japanese occupying forces and also on aerial recon&rsquos missions. The aircraft used were B-24 Liberator or PB4Y Privateer becayse of their long-range capability. One known RCAF B-24 with &lsquoSNAKE&rsquo word stenciled on its fuselage crashed in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan after dropping agent -one Tuan Pena. (Tan Sri Sir Claude Harry Fenner, a member of Force 136, who later became the country's first Inspector-General of Police.) Another B-24 was shot down by Japanese fighters from Alor Setar and crashed near Siam border while on a clandestine mission. Villagers and guerillas rescued the survivors and some brave Thai pilots smuggled them to Allied hands using Japanese bombers! Another B-24 bomber, which was on a supply-dropping mission, was lost near Kuala Nerang, Kedah. In June 1945, two PB4Y flew to Singapore on recon mission and were fired on by anti-aircraft fire and nearly a dozen of Japanese fighters. One fighter managed to score a hit on the No 3 engine of one of the PB4Y causing the engine to burst into flames and lose altitude. The PB4Y was forced to ditch on the sea and no news were heard from the crews ever since. Mr. Shaharom managed to find the answer to the twin engines fighter crashed near the Kelantan River, which I mentioned earlier. It was a Ki-46 Dinah fighter, which climbed from Kota Bharu airfield to intercept a PB4Y Privateer, but the Privateer gunners damaged the Dinah and the Japanese pilot headed it back to Kota Bharu and crashed. Few months before the war ended, the British also send out a Grumman Hellcat fighter from a carrier to Kuala Lumpur on a recon mission but the Hellcat was missing 10 miles from Port Klang with the pilot.

End of the War
When the Japanese surrendered, some British B-24 and two-crews mosquito bombers flew over Malaya cities to access the situation and dropping leaflets. One mosquito bomber developed engine problems and force landed on Japanese held Sungai Besi aerodrome. The Japanese soldiers in the aerodrome provided help and supports to the aircrews until another mosquito bomber searching for the missing plane arrived. The four mosquito crews were surprised when the Japanese soldiers in the base tried to surrender themselves to them!

This is the &lsquoForgotten Air War Of Malaya&rsquo I knew so far. I hope my team members and I can completely putting all the missing puzzles of the Malaya War History so that our younger generations can learn and appreciate the contribution and scarifies of the forgotten warriors, which contribute to the peace and happiness we enjoyed nowadays.


Ki-43 of the 77th Sentai
serving in Malaya


Fighter presented
to children


Malaya children
with Japanese flags


Painting of B-24 attacking Malaya


Gledaj video: RN battleship HMS Malaya sails to Germany to enforce peace terms 1920 (Srpanj 2022).


Komentari:

  1. Aidann

    the Relevant message :), it is worth knowing ...

  2. Jankia

    pa sta reci...

  3. Matata

    Predivan, koristan post

  4. Chick

    Pa, donesi, rasipniče, dobrodošao natrag.

  5. Dik

    Da, talentirani ste



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